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In this thesis project, I explore the rhetorical consequences of mixed race Black people's racialization in Pre-Reconstruction nineteenth century. Toward this end, I ask: How did the language surrounding mixed race Black people's identity in Pre-Reconstruction nineteenth century inform their realities? How did mixed race Black people use passing and crossing as rhetorical action? Through these questions, I analyze the narratives of four nineteenth century Black authors' texts informed by important historical context. By employing decolonial and critical race theory frameworks, I trace how the rhetoric of the racialization of mixed race Black people of the period led to the construction of particular material realities for enslaved Black people. I conclude that the rhetoric of the one drop rule influenced the actions, behaviors, and beliefs of nineteenth century citizens and led mixed race Black people of the period to form fictive kinships with monoracial Black people. In addition, mixed race Black people utilized passing and crossing as rhetorical action towards the exigence of enslavement.