Some of the material in is restricted to members of the community. By logging in, you may be able to gain additional access to certain collections or items. If you have questions about access or logging in, please use the form on the Contact Page.
Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) governs cell cycle progression, and its kinase activity fluctuates during the cell cycle. Mitotic exit pathways are responsible for the inactivation of CDK after chromosome segregation by promoting the release of a nucleolus-sequestered phosphatase, Cdc14, which antagonizes CDK. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mitotic exit is controlled by the FEAR (for "Cdc-fourteen early anaphase release") and mitotic exit network (MEN) pathways. In response to DNA damage, two branches of the DNA damage checkpoint, Chk1 and Rad53, are activated in budding yeast to prevent anaphase entry and mitotic exit, allowing cells more time to repair damaged DNA. Here we present evidence indicating that yeast cells negatively regulate mitotic exit through two distinct pathways in response to DNA damage. Rad53 prevents mitotic exit by inhibiting the MEN pathway, whereas the Chk1 pathway prevents FEAR pathway-dependent Cdc14 release in the presence of DNA damage. In contrast to previous data, the Rad53 pathway negatively regulates MEN independently of Cdc5, a Polo-like kinase essential for mitotic exit. Instead, a defective Rad53 pathway alleviates the inhibition of MEN by Bfa1.