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In research on skilled performance, emphasis has traditionally been placed on the movement from actively controlled performance to automatic performance as experience increases. Expert performance theory proposes that superior performance is marked by the acquisition of cognitive structures that operate independently of generalized abilities but are not automatic. The current study instructed a group of undergraduate students under goal-recursive strategy and control conditions with the goal of modifying the mechanisms mediating performance. Training effects were observed among difficult problems on a transfer task. Differing correlation coefficient trends between performance and general fluid abilities were found; although these coefficient differences were not found to reach traditional significance levels. Verbal reports showed individual differences in strategy use predicting performance within groups, but no main effect of group assignment on strategy use indicating that individuals did not utilize their training in the strategy trained condition. Conclusions and future directions are discussed.
Intelligence, Problem Solving, Raven, Tower of Hanoi
Date of Defense
July 12, 2010.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
K. Anders Ericsson, Professor Directing Thesis; Walter Boot, Committee Member; Edward Bernat, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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