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Jeanne Baxtresser (b. 1947) is considered to be one of the most influential and accomplished American flutists of the twentieth century. Despite the many American flutistic lineages that have come to surface through the teaching artistry of accomplished orchestral players and university teachers over the years, the flute heritage of Jeanne Baxtresser is a direct connection to the origins of professional flute playing in America. Furthermore, it is important to recognize that there are many different notable veins of tutelage that can be linked to the beginnings of flute playing in the United States. It is the intent of this document to trace Ms. Baxtresser's branch of American flute genealogy, examining the careers and teaching styles of legendary flutists who helped shape Baxtresser's heritage and career. Baxtresser has been recognized for her many years as the principal flutist of the Toronto Symphony, Montreal Symphony, and New York Philharmonic Orchestras, and for teaching at a number of respected music schools such as McGill University, University of Toronto, The Juilliard School, Manhattan School of Music, Carnegie Mellon University, and New England Conservatory of Music. In spite of her many successes, little has been written about Ms. Baxtresser's musical background and pedagogical upbringing. This may be attributed to the fact that Ms. Baxtresser is still teaching. Each chapter of this document features the biography and significant professional milestones of prominent flutists that are a part of Jeanne Baxtresser's flute lineage. Opening with the traditions of French conservatoire training, the life and accomplishments of flutist Georges Barrère are covered as well as his influential effect on flute instruction in the United States. In the next chapter, Barrère's student William Kincaid is featured, focusing on his tenure as principal flutist of the Philadelphia orchestra and his instruction of many notable American flutists. His pedagogical philosophies and performance suggestions are highlighted in this chapter of the document. Julius Baker, known for his time as principal flutist of the New York Philharmonic and significant influence as a teacher, is discussed through a summary of professional accomplishments and pedagogical influences. Lastly, as one of the primary living flutists of the heritage, Jeanne Baxtresser's extensive musical career is presented. Interviews with Ms. Baxtresser serve as the main source of documentation of her studies with Julius Baker, as well as her reflections on the current state and future of the American flute school. A student roster accompanies each chapter as a direct account of each teacher's pedagogical contributions.
Flute, French Flute School, Georges Barrère, Jeanne Baxtresser, Julius Baker, William Kincaid
Date of Defense
November 7, 2013.
A Treatise submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Music.
Includes bibliographical references.
Eva Amsler, Professor Directing Treatise; James Mathes, University Representative; Timothy Hoekman, Committee Member; Patrick Meighan, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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