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The first decade after Tajikistan became independent was characterized by a 5 year long civil war and a difficult peace process. Just as Tajikistan was beginning to recover, the US began the invasion of Afghanistan on Tajikistan's southern border. Periodically, insurgents from Afghanistan moved into Tajikistan upsetting security. At the same time Tajikistan became the number one transit country in Central Asia for drug trafficking from Afghanistan. The war and the narcotics trafficking brought international competition from Russia, China, Iran and the US into Tajikistan. In 2014 coalition forces are scheduled to withdraw from Afghanistan. This will change the balance of power in Tajikistan and could lead to conditions that could cause Tajikistan to experience increased internal conflict or war.
China, Civil war, International Relations, Iran, Russia, Tajikistan
Date of Defense
April 1, 2013.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Russian and East European Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts.
Includes bibliographical references.
Audrey Heffron-Casserleigh, Professor Directing Thesis; Mark Souva, Committee Member; Michael Creswell, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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