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The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of recorded lullabies on infants undergoing phototherapy. Infants undergo phototherapy to treat hyperbilirubinemia, more commonly known as neonatal jaundice. This study was a pre-test post-test design with participants (N=24) randomized by gender into two groups (n=6 males, 6 females per group), experimental and control. The music intervention consisted of 20 minutes of recorded lullabies at a random time in the morning and afternoon. Dependent variables included bilirubin levels, days of hospitalization and phototherapy, behavioral observation on crying, a nurse survey on infant behavior state, and a post treatment parent survey on infant characteristics. A two-tailed Mann Whitney U test revealed that the experimental group had significantly greater scores for the average rating of behavior state as measured by nurse surveys. No significant differences were found on any of the other measures either by group or by gender. Implications for future research are discussed.
bilirubin, hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice, music therapy, newborn, phototherapy
Date of Defense
July 2, 2012.
A Thesis submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music.
Includes bibliographical references.
Jayne M. Standley, Professor Directing Thesis; Dianne Gregory, Committee Member; Alice-Ann Darrow, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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