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Most mothers would agree that music is a tool they use to calm their baby. Many mothers even use music prenatally for bonding as well as relaxation. The purpose of this study was to discover if having had at least four years of music education during the school years had an effect on whether or not mothers sang to their baby prenatally and if singing prenatally has any effect on the infant's temperament. Volunteer mothers were asked to fill out an on-line questionnaire. The research concluded that having at least four years of music education did not affect whether or not the mother sang to her baby prenatally but that mother's age and income level were correlated (younger mothers and those in a lower income bracket were more likely to sing prenatally). Singing prenatally did significantly affect the mothers' perception of infant temperament. Infants who were sung to during pregnancy were perceived to be more calm overall, but they did not calm significantly faster than infants who were not sung to during pregnancy. It was found that mothers chose to sing popular music almost as often as lullabies. This information could be helpful to music therapists in implementing a prenatal music therapy program.
A Thesis submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music.
Includes bibliographical references.
Jayne M. Standley, Professor Directing Thesis; Alice-Ann Darrow, Committee Member; Diane Gregory, Committee Member; Clifford Madsen, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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