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This study explores the roles of subordinates' individual differences in predicting their perceptions of abusive supervision. Supervisor behavior was controlled via a video vignette to assess if subjects perceived the same supervisor behavior differently. A sample of 756 working adults revealed that subjects' hostile attribution styles, negative affectivity, entitlement, trait anger, and external locus of control directly predicted perceptions of abusive supervision while self-efficacy and internal locus of control did not. Attributions for performance failures mediated the relationships between hostile attribution style, self-efficacy, entitlement, external and internal locus of control and perceptions of abusive supervision. These results extend abusive supervision research by controlling for differences in supervisory behavior and demonstrating that individual differences influence subjects' perceptions of abuse. Attribution research is extended by demonstrating that hostile attribution styles predict attributions and that attributions mediate the effects of individual differences in perceptions of abuse.
A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Management in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Includes bibliographical references.
Mark J. Martinko, Professor Directing Dissertation; Michael Brady, University Representative; Gerald Ferris, Committee Member; Chad Van Iddekinge, Committee Member; Paul Harvey, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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