Some of the material in is restricted to members of the community. By logging in, you may be able to gain additional access to certain collections or items. If you have questions about access or logging in, please use the form on the Contact Page.
The use of post-tensioning in bridge girders causes tensile bursting stresses to occur some distance ahead of the anchorage device in a region known as the general zone. Large amounts of mild steel reinforcement are placed in this area of the bridge girder in order to resist these highly tensile stresses. This causes congestion in the area of the steel and poses difficulty during concrete placement. The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of reducing the mild steel reinforcement by adding fibers to the general zone and to determine the impacts of doing so. Fiber reinforced concrete (FRC) improves the mechanical properties of non-fibrous concrete. So it is expected to support the proposed reduction of mild steel reinforcement in the post-tensioned anchorage zone. The first phase of the study involved researching past studies on the use of FRC in order to determine the material and mechanical properties pertaining to the fibers. Steel fiber was deemed to be the most useful for enhancement of non-fibrous concrete properties. The second phase of the study was to determine a realistic and reasonable specimen for FRC application. The pier segment of a currently used bridge in Florida was chosen. This selection was based on having common and less complex geometry. After selection, information was gathered about the segment such as the volume of concrete, mild steel reinforcement details, and post-tensioning system details. In the final phase of this study, a finite element model was developed for the segment using design required mild steel reinforcement. Using the initial model, duplicate models were analyzed with varying steel fiber volumes. The theoretical results indicate that a maximum reduction of 65% of the design mild steel reinforcement can occur when replaced by 0.50% steel fiber to the concrete volume of the general zone. However, it is recommended that a mild steel reinforcement reduction of 50% be replaced by 0.50% steel fiber in order to stay conservative and safe. It was also observed that higher volumes of steel fiber could increase stresses in the general zone. Therefore, it is recommended that experimental testing of these procedures be done for complete verification.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
Kamal Tawfiq, Professor Co-Directing Thesis; Primus Mtenga, Professor Co-Directing Thesis; Jerry Wekezer, Committee Member; Lisa Spainhour, Committee Member.
Florida State University
Use and Reproduction
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). The copyright in theses and dissertations completed at Florida State University is held by the students who author them.