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This research examines the Villagisation Policy in the extreme post-conflict circumstances of Rwanda. The goal of this research is to investigate the implementation of the policy and to evaluate its effects on poverty reduction. The latter is estimated by comparing actual to extrapolated trend data for four indicators of poverty: GDP per capita, infant mortality rates, illiteracy rates and total household consumption. The third component of this research entailed an investigation into the potential of the current Land Law to reduce poverty; the latter contains the same fundamental goals and objectives as the Villagisation Policy. This study finds that the implementation of the Villagisation policy varied significantly across regions. The emphasis of local authorities on the implementation of the policy varied and local populations interpreted and received the policy differently across regions. Furthermore, different problems arose across regions where the policy was implemented. The findings of the analysis suggest that the Villagisation policy has not had a measurable effect on reducing poverty levels in Rwanda and that the Land Law has a greater potential to lower poverty levels because it addresses obstacles to poverty that were not addressed by the Villagisation Policy.
Land Reform, Imidugudu, Villagisation, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Rwanda, Poverty Reduction
Date of Defense
October 26, 2007.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Urban and Regional Planning in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Planning and Masster of Arts.
Includes bibliographical references.
Rebecca Miles, Professor Directing Thesis; Ivonne Audirac, Committee Member; Peter Garretson, Outside Committee Member.
Florida State University
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