Some of the material in is restricted to members of the community. By logging in, you may be able to gain additional access to certain collections or items. If you have questions about access or logging in, please use the form on the Contact Page.
Bulb-T girder bridges are composed of precast, prestressed concrete beams with a reinforced concrete slab. Typically, the slab extends transversely beyond the exterior beam, and there is a traffic barrier on the edge. The bridges are designed for dead and live loads and prestressing effects. For the live loads, the transverse distribution of moment and shear load effects to interior and exterior girders is determined by using equations in the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) Bridge Design Specifications. These equations give the designer a factor, which is then multiplied by the moment or shear load effect determined by a line analysis. The equations assume that barriers are not present. The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Structures Research Lab has made field measurements on a Bulb-T bridge, both before and after the barriers were placed, due to a truck loaded with blocks. For this project, this data was analyzed to determine the barrier's effect on the live load distribution. The results of this project may be used to determine if load ratings can be improved by consideration of the barrier effect, which can be done as a Posting Avoidance (Exception) technique.
Live load distribution, Bridge, Bulb-t girder, Load test, Load distribution factor
Date of Defense
May 20, 2008.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
Florida State University
Use and Reproduction
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). The copyright in theses and dissertations completed at Florida State University is held by the students who author them.