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The present study investigated the effect of 4 six-week exercise interventions on psychological health in the elderly. Participants (M age = 83; N = 42) were randomly assigned to one of four groups: yoga, aerobics, walking, and social games. Classes met 30 minutes, 3 days per week, for 6 weeks. ANCOVAs revealed significant group effects for all four DVs (stress frequency, stress severity, state anxiety, and depression), a significant time by group interaction for stress frequency, and a significant time effect for stress severity. Yoga participants experienced the most benefits. ANOVAs of the EMI-2 revealed decreases in motivation over the intervention. In post-intervention qualitative interviews, participants cited the instructor and social interaction with classmates as key factors in producing benefits.
Senior Citizens, Yoga, Older Adults, Aerobics, Walking, Social Interaction
Date of Defense
June 1, 2005.
A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
Florida State University
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