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This dissertation presents systematic studies on ordered states of organic conductors investigated mainly by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR). First, we describe an introduction to organic conductors. Organic conductors are based on conducting layers of highly planar donor molecules, separated by insulating layers of acceptors. The donor arrangements in the conducting layers determine the three simple parameters, transfer integral t between the donor molecules, onsite Coulomb interaction U and nearest neighboring Coulomb interaction V. Depending on the values of the above three parameters, a variety of ground states is realized and hence the organic conductors has become a main stream of condensed matter physics. Among many ground states, the main focus is on magnetic orders in this dissertation. Therefore we have employed ESR to probe local magnetic structures. And we cover a basic theory of ESR in paramagnetic/antiferromagnetically ordered states and the experimental realizations. Next, after an introduction to a system with an exchange interaction between d magnetic moments embedded at acceptor sites and ð spins at donor molecules is given, we discuss the effectiveness of systematic studies on isostructural magnetic and non-magnetic acceptor based organic conductors. Then, we go over one of the "exchange coupled" materials, â-(BDA-TTP)2MCl4 (M=Fe3+,Ga3+). We examine the origins of the Metal-Insulator transition and the long range antiferromangetic order in the magnetic acceptor based material, where we found the critical importance of the quantum fluctuations of ð spins. Finally, we delineate the magnetic order of alternating easy axes of a class of an organic conductor, ô -(P-(S,S)-DMEDT)2(AuBr2)1+y, at low temperature/field by ESR. We briefly discuss the origin of this unprecedented magnetic structure in terms of the unstoichiometric ratio of donors to acceptors and the tetragonal symmetry of the unit cell. Then, we report the results of the ultra high field ESR to probe the magnetic structure changes around a hysteretic field induced metal insulator transition.
Organic Conductors, Electron Spin Resonance, Magnetic Order
Date of Defense
June 30, 2008.
A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Physics in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Includes bibliographical references.
Florida State University
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