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The author examined Hammen's (1991) model of stress generation in depression in a college population, with emphasis on passive coping as a mechanism of stress generation. The longitudinal sample included 202 participants. Stressful event and depressive symptom occurrence over a seven-week period was analyzed. Results supported the stress generation model in that depressive symptoms were associated with an increase in negative stressful events. In addition, the study supported the symptom specificity of stress generation to depression versus anxious symptoms. Results suggest that passive coping may not be the key aspect of depression in driving the generation of negative life events. Optimism may play a role in the generation of negative life events such that the more optimistic a person is, the less likely they are to have later negative events.
A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Includes bibliographical references.
Florida State University
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