You are here

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Permalink: https://diginole.lib.fsu.edu/islandora/object/fsu:honors_theses

Pages

Anxiety sensitivity and distress tolerance in predicting fear in response to a 35% carbon dioxide challenge.
Anxiety sensitivity and distress tolerance in predicting fear in response to a 35% carbon dioxide challenge.
Distress tolerance, defined as an individual difference variable reflecting the differential ability to experience and withstand uncomfortable affective states, is a construct recently hypothesized to be a risk factor for panic and anxiety psychopathology. The present study used a biological challenge procedure to evaluate whether distress tolerance predicts fearful responding beyond the effects of anxiety sensitivity and trait anxiety. Nonclinical student participants (N=128) with no history of panic attacks or any Axis I condition completed a 35% CO2 challenge. Results suggested that distress tolerance predicted an increase in subjective reactivity to the challenge. However, there was no interaction between distress tolerance and anxiety sensitivity, or body vigilance in predicting fear. These findings add to a small but growing literature suggesting that distress tolerance may play a part in the development of anxiety problems.
Anyone Can Protest, Only We Can Save Souls
Anyone Can Protest, Only We Can Save Souls
More and more, religion scholars question the usefulness of the category of "religion." Many reject presumptions that what "religion" signifies is unique, universal, inherently meaningful, and, perhaps more importantly, self-evidently "religious." Scholars have therefore reconceived "religion" as a modern technology fabricated as a private domain intended to contain political dissent. Such arguments, however, depend on a distinction between the religious and the political rather particular to North America. My project, in contrast, aims to explore these categories through a history and ethnography of the lives of contemporary Brazilian evangelical Christians belonging to the International Church of Christ (ICOC). I take issue specifically with the narrowness by which recent arguments have defined "politics," arguing for a more nuanced understanding of what the political is in relation to local forms of religious organization in the Brazilian ICOC., Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Religion in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation with Honors in the Major., Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2015., Date of Defense: April 24, 2015., Keywords: politics, religion, Brazil, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Application of Laser Cooling to Ultra-High Precision  Measurements of Ions in a Penning Trap
Application of Laser Cooling to Ultra-High Precision Measurements of Ions in a Penning Trap
Precision cyclotron frequency ratio measurements of single ions in a Penning Trap allow us to determine atomic masses and magnetic moments to high precision. These measurements are then used in the fields of fundamental physics, nuclear physics, and physical chemistry as well as used to determine fundamental constants. In current Penning traps for precision measurement, cyclotron frequencies are measured by exciting the cyclotron motion to a certain radius and then amplifying image currents induced by the ion’s cyclotron or axial motions in a resonant circuit connected to the trap electrodes using a FET or SQUID amplifier. Reducing the ion temperature in a Penning Trap is necessary to reduce relativistic and other systematic shifts of the cyclotron frequency. Laser cooling would allow us to reduce the ion temperature and laser induced fluorescence can be used in ion detection. Limitations of modern lasers and suitable ions for laser cooling allow for only a handful of ions to be laser coolable. In particular, trapped 9Be+ and 24Mg+ ions have suitable cycling transitions (S1/2 – P3/2) with wavelengths that can be produced at reasonable intensity by modern lasers. These ions can be laser cooled to ~ 1 mK (their Doppler limits), much lower than our currently achievable ion temperatures (of order 100 K). Through sympathetic cooling, other ion species can be cooled to mK temperatures as well. In this thesis, I show how an 8.5 T magnetic field affects laser cooling and sympathetic cooling of ions in a Penning Trap, as well as show that the current Florida State University Penning Trap will need to be replaced by a newly designed trap in order to achieve effective cooling via these means., Keywords: Penning Trap, Ions, Laser Cooling, Mass Spectroscopy
Application of implicit theory to diet & exercise behavior
Application of implicit theory to diet & exercise behavior
Given the high prevalence of obesity in the U.S., it is important to investigate psychological factors that may influence obesity and aid in successful weight loss. Implicit theory, or an individual's beliefs regarding the fixed versus modifiable nature of one's abilities, may play a role in one's success in achieving weight loss. There are two subdivisions of implicit theory: entity theory and incremental theory. Individuals who are entity theorists believe that their abilities are fixed, unchangeable, and or uncontrollable, while incremental theorists believe their abilities are changeable, malleable, and controllable. The purpose of this study was to measure the implicit theory of participants of a weight loss program and examine the relationship between these attitudes and several variables, including eating behaviors, physical activity, self-esteem, weight loss goals, program attendance, and weight loss. There were no significant associations between implicit theory and the behavioral or treatment outcomes investigated. However, there was a positive correlation between implicit theory and self-esteem, r = 0.211, p < 0.05, suggesting that higher self esteem was associated with incremental beliefs. Although current results failed to support the implicit theory model in relation to weight-related behaviors and outcomes, findings are limited by the paucity of individuals classified as entity theorists in this sample. Further research should explore these relationships among individuals seeking weight loss as well as individuals not participating in weight loss efforts in order to obtain representative samples of entity and incremental theorists., Advisor: Dr. Gareth R. Dutton, Florida State University, College of Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Psychology., Thesis (Honors paper)--Florida State University, 2010., Includes bibliographical references.
Archaeal Paradigms
Archaeal Paradigms
In order to increase our understanding of the relationship between domains we must move beyond traditional phylogenetic approaches and attempt to group species and domains in new and different ways. This paper is an analysis of various efforts to do just that and further posits the potential value of new advances in genetics and chromatin biology towards that purpose. With the advent of high resolution temporal nucleosome mapping techniques developed by the Dennis Laboratory at the Florida State University we now have new tools at our disposal to assay the relationships between species and to potentially help elucidate the origin of the domains., Keywords: chromatin, Archaea, nucleosomes, DNA, Bacteria, Eukarya, evolution, Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Biological Science and the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Honors in the Major., Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2014., Date of Defense: August 1, 2014.
Are Implicit Learning Abilities in Language and Music Related?
Are Implicit Learning Abilities in Language and Music Related?
One active area of psycholinguistics research seeks to determine whether language acquisition occurs through domain-specific processes or domain-general processes. In other words, are the cognitive resources dedicated to language learning specific to language, or are they part of a more general learning mechanism? One intriguing strategy for investigating this question is through the comparative use of language and music: each is a complex system in which basic auditory elements are combined in hierarchical sequences governed by abstract rules. To understand either language or music, a person must learn these syntactic rules and generalize them to new situations. This study used an artificial grammar construct to investigate whether people learn and process musical and linguistic syntax similarly, and whether there is a correlation between a person's ability to learn complex grammatical systems in multiple modalities. The effect of previous musical experience on sequence learning was also examined. Results showed virtually no correlation between the three implicit learning tasks, suggesting that there is no domain-general implicit learning ability., Keywords: implicit learning, artificial grammar, statistical learning, language, music, individual differences, Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Honors in the Major., Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2012., Date of Defense: January 31, 2012.

Pages