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Theses and Dissertations

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MARITAL VIOLENCE: AN ASSESSMENT OF CLIENT OUTCOMES
MARITAL VIOLENCE: AN ASSESSMENT OF CLIENT OUTCOMES
This study involved an assessment of outcomes for women who had received help at a shelter for battered women in Jacksonville, Florida. The information was obtained through structured, face-to-face interviews utilizing a questionnaire. A random sample of 195 battered women was obtained through a systematic selection process, but only 25 women were located who would agree to participate in the project., Specifically four outcome dimensions were examined: (1) whether or not the frequency of violence had decreased; (2) whether or not the severity of violence had decreased; (3) whether or not violence had been eliminated; and (4) whether or not the violent relationship had been terminated. An attempt was made to determine if the majority of women who received help reduced or eliminated the levels of violence in their lives, if the majority of women who eliminated violence did so by terminating the violent relationships, and if some types of women experienced more positive outcomes than others., The research revealed that the majority of women had reduced both severity and frequency of marital violence. The majority who had eliminated violence had done so by terminating the violent relationships. Positive outcomes were related to employment, education, and the presence of younger children in the home. Women with lower total family incomes had more positive outcomes than higher income women. Race was not related to violence reduction, but whites were more likely than blacks to terminate violent relationships. There were no significant differences in outcomes related to age or length of time since receiving intervention services. All of these findings should be viewed with caution due to the low number of interviews completed., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 42-10, Section: A, page: 4612., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1981.
MARJORIE KINNAN RAWLINGS: A STUDY IN ROMANTIC REALISM (FLORIDA)
MARJORIE KINNAN RAWLINGS: A STUDY IN ROMANTIC REALISM (FLORIDA)
A comprehensive critical study of the works of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings was conducted, utilizing the Rawlings Collection at the University of Florida for primary sources and Rawlings' own romantic-realistic approach to her work as a critical framework. On the romantic side Rawlings shows a consistent use of the Florida Cracker folk culture and of woodsman-farmer protagonists in the tradition of Natty Bumppo. She responds to nature poetically and holds the basic romantic belief that nature can heal a troubled spirit. Also her consistent theme is the belief that an affinity with nature is essential to human happiness. Rawlings also has a romantic love of the past that is most evident in The Yearling with her use of old hunting tales. On the realistic side Rawlings is known for her use of numerous accurate details drawn from her own experiences and associations with Florida Crackers. She believed that her years as a journalist had prepared her to tell her stories with a diligent attention to facts. Rawlings also shows a realistic viewpoint toward nature. Although she saw it poetically and responded emotionally to its beauty, she also recognized the malevolent side of nature and its ability to harm man. She knew that life was a struggle for the Florida Crackers and thus shows a stoic attitude in those characters, who persevere in the face of hardships., Although the dualism of romantic realism is present in all of Rawlings' works, two of her novels (Golden Apples and The Sojourner) show more romance than realism. In both books, characters and settings are drawn mainly from Rawlings' imagination rather than from real people and places. Her last novel labors under the additional constraints of having the only setting outside of Florida and an inaccurate time frame. Despite her lack of success with these novels, Rawlings achieved a balance between romanticism and realism in South Moon Under, The Yearling, and Cross Creek. These novels show both a romantic response to her subject matter and a realistic portrayal of it. These books also show Rawlings at her best., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 45-06, Section: A, page: 1754., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1984.
MARKET-SHARE STABILITY IN COMMERCIAL AIRLINE MARKETS AND THE IMPACT OF DEREGULATION (INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION)
MARKET-SHARE STABILITY IN COMMERCIAL AIRLINE MARKETS AND THE IMPACT OF DEREGULATION (INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION)
Enactment of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 has provided an opportunity to compare the behavior of firms in an industry with and without economic regulation. While conduct or the degree of rivalry in a market is often concealed and therefore difficult to observe directly, various measures of stability have been used in the literature as an indicator of conduct. Using similar measures of stability, the primary research task of this dissertation was to identify and measure empirically the determinants of market rivalry in city-pair airline markets and then to compare how the determinants may have changed since deregulation., A sample of 123 large city-pair airline markets were selected for analysis. Separate estimates were made for the periods before (1974-76) and after (1978-80) deregulation using ordinary least square regression analysis. The statistical results from these two periods were then compared. What follows is a brief summary of the more important results., First, the evidence contradicted the assertion that because airline markets are highly contestable, potential competition should be able to discipline behavior even in highly concentrated markets. While the relationship between various measures of concentration and instability should have been weaker during the 1978-80 period, rivals were apparently able to exercise even greater market power. Second, not only was the mutual forebearance hypothesis not supported by these empirical results, but it appears that multiple contacts among rivals may have actually intensified competitive interaction during the 1974-76 period. Third, the airports of Chicago, Washington and New York, where slots are allocated by scheduling committees, appeared to exhibit a systematic tendency toward greater stability in the regulated period. However, the ability of these committees to exercise power during the 1978-80 period was considerably reduced., Finally, when pooled regression equations were estimated using data for both periods, a 75 percent relative and 91 percent absolute increase in instability could be directly attributed to deregulation., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 45-11, Section: A, page: 3413., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1984.
MARRIAGE EXPECTATIONS, FAMILY BACKGROUND, AND RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOR HOLDING SELECTED PROTESTANT DENOMINATIONS CONSTANT
MARRIAGE EXPECTATIONS, FAMILY BACKGROUND, AND RELIGIOUS BEHAVIOR HOLDING SELECTED PROTESTANT DENOMINATIONS CONSTANT
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 27-04, Section: B, page: 1277., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1966.
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS AND FAMILISTIC ATTITUDES OF SOUTHERN BLACK ADOLESCENTS
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS AND FAMILISTIC ATTITUDES OF SOUTHERN BLACK ADOLESCENTS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 36-12, Section: A, page: 8335., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1975.
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF ADOLESCENTS
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF ADOLESCENTS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 20-08, page: 3277., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1959.
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF SINGLE COLLEGE STUDENTS AS RELATED TO SELECTED SOCIAL FACTORS
MARRIAGE ROLE EXPECTATIONS OF SINGLE COLLEGE STUDENTS AS RELATED TO SELECTED SOCIAL FACTORS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 22-08, page: 2906., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1961.
MARSHAL OF PORTUGAL: THE MILITARY CAREER OF WILLIAM CARR BERESFORD, 1785-1814
MARSHAL OF PORTUGAL: THE MILITARY CAREER OF WILLIAM CARR BERESFORD, 1785-1814
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 38-04, Section: A, page: 2294., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1976.
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: THEOLOGIAN AND PRECURSOR OF BLACK THEOLOGY
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: THEOLOGIAN AND PRECURSOR OF BLACK THEOLOGY
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 35-02, Section: A, page: 1212., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1973.
MARX AND THE NATIONAL QUESTION
MARX AND THE NATIONAL QUESTION
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 40-02, Section: A, page: 0907., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1978.
MASLOW'S CONCEPT OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION COMPARED WITH PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTED BLACK AMERICAN PROTESTERS: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., MALCOLM X AND FREDERICK DOUGLASS
MASLOW'S CONCEPT OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION COMPARED WITH PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTED BLACK AMERICAN PROTESTERS: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., MALCOLM X AND FREDERICK DOUGLASS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 32-01, Section: A, page: 0238., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1970.
MASS-SPECTROMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF BIOGENIC AMINES
MASS-SPECTROMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF BIOGENIC AMINES
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 40-02, Section: B, page: 0714., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1978.
MATERNAL AGGRESSION AS PERCEIVED BY YOUNG CHILDREN
MATERNAL AGGRESSION AS PERCEIVED BY YOUNG CHILDREN
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 27-08, Section: B, page: 2902., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1966.
MATERNAL ANXIETY IN RELATION TO INFANT SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENTAL STATUS
MATERNAL ANXIETY IN RELATION TO INFANT SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENTAL STATUS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 36-01, Section: B, page: 0181., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1975.
MATERNAL ATTITUDES AND MARITAL ADJUSTMENT OF ORGANIZATION MOTHERS AND NON-ORGANIZATION MOTHERS OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
MATERNAL ATTITUDES AND MARITAL ADJUSTMENT OF ORGANIZATION MOTHERS AND NON-ORGANIZATION MOTHERS OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 26-03, page: 1624., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1965.
MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS, PARENTING BEHAVIOR, AND DEVIANT CHILD BEHAVIOR
MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS, PARENTING BEHAVIOR, AND DEVIANT CHILD BEHAVIOR
Relationships among maternal characteristics, ratings of child behavior, and observed mother-child interactions were examined in a sample of 43 children with externalizing disorders. Mothers and children were observed in a structured task situation and mothers completed questionnaires concerning depressed mood, parenting sense of competence, marital satisfaction, social support, and life stress. Ratings of child behavior problems were obtained from both mothers and teachers. Several significant correlations were found between observed rates of maternal and child behavior, suggesting reciprocity in the mother-child interactions. Significant correlations among maternal self-reports were also found. For example, depressed mood was negatively correlated with marital satisfaction, sense of parenting competence, and social support, and positively correlated with life stress. Similarly, marital satisfaction and social support were inversely related to life stress. Few significant relationships were found between maternal characteristics and observed behavior. Surprisingly, maternal depressed mood was related to increased child compliance and decreased child independent activity. However, maternal depressed mood was positively related to mother ratings of internalizing child behavior problems. Mother and teacher ratings of child behavior showed few significant correlations with maternal self-reports or observed behavior. Multiple regression analyses revealed the importance of child age in predicting observed maternal and child behavior and confirmed the general lack of associations between maternal characteristics and observed behavior. Comparisons with previous research suggested the importance of sample characteristics in determining relationships between maternal characteristics and child behavior. Implications of the findings for the application of family systems models to the understanding of externalizing child disorders are discussed., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 48-11, Section: B, page: 3417., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1987.
MATERNAL EMPLOYMENT IN RELATION TO FAMILY LIFE
MATERNAL EMPLOYMENT IN RELATION TO FAMILY LIFE
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 21-08, page: 2269., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1960.
MATHEMAGENIC EFFECTS OF POSTADJUNCT QUESTIONS IN THREE RESPONSE MODES ON THE LEARNING OF FACTUAL KNOWLEDGE AND ITS APPLICATION
MATHEMAGENIC EFFECTS OF POSTADJUNCT QUESTIONS IN THREE RESPONSE MODES ON THE LEARNING OF FACTUAL KNOWLEDGE AND ITS APPLICATION
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 37-07, Section: A, page: 4107., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1976.
MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING IN BANACH SPACES
MATHEMATICAL PROGRAMMING IN BANACH SPACES
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 33-10, Section: B, page: 4933., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1972.
MATURITY LEVELS AMONG THINKING STRATEGIES USED BY FOURTH-GRADERS IN MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION COMBINATIONS, AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT INTERRELATIONSHIPS
MATURITY LEVELS AMONG THINKING STRATEGIES USED BY FOURTH-GRADERS IN MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION COMBINATIONS, AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT INTERRELATIONSHIPS
This study investigated four research questions concerning strategies students used in solving the multiplication and division combinations., In 1943, Brownell identified several strategies students used to solve the multiplication combinations, such as counting and rote memory. Recent research has indicated that the strategies students use may be related to how they are taught. Teaching techniques advocated today are somewhat different from those used during the 1940's. Has this caused a change in the strategies students use?, If students use thinking strategies on the multiplication combinations, do they also use them on the division combinations?, Brownell claimed that students mastered the combinations by adopting more and more mature thinking strategies until they reached mastery, where strategy A is more mature than strategy B if it is more mathematically sophisticated, or is more time efficient or demonstrates a deeper understanding of the operation on the part of the student. Brownell claimed however that the maturity level of the strategies students use has no correlation with their achievement in those combinations. Brownell claimed students could become so efficient at using an immature strategy as to score well on a test. Recent findings seem to refute this claim. Can evidence be found to refute Brownell's claim?, Most elementary mathematics textbooks advocate teaching the division combinations by relating them to the multiplication combinations. In light of the recent findings concerning the relationship between teaching and student's strategy use, what is the nature of the interrelationship between students' achievement on the multiplication and division combinations, the strategies they use, and the maturity levels of those strategies?, Ninety-five fourth-graders from two elementary schools were given a division combination test, followed the next day by a test on the multiplication combinations. Both tests were given via a slide projector, at the rate of one combination every six seconds. Based on the results of these tests, a stratified random sample consisting of half the subjects from each school was selected for individual, tape-recorded interviews. The tapes were analyzed to identify what strategy each student used on each combination asked in the interview. A panel of judges was asked to rank the strategies identified by level of maturity. Using these rankings, multiplication and division maturity indices were computed for each subject. The maturity indices, test scores, and the distributions of the strategies were then analyzed to answer the research questions., The results of the analyses indicate that these students use the same strategies to solve the multiplication and division combinations: (a) Habituation, (b) solution, (c) repeated addition, (d) skip counting, (e) rote memory, (f) recitation of tables, (g) single digit counting, and (h) guessing. Brownell and Carper's categories were too broad and masked some of these strategies. Positive relationships were discovered between strategy maturity and achievement in both multiplication and division. Positive relationships were also discovered between multiplication and division strategy maturity levels, between multiplication strategy maturity and division achievement, between multiplication achievement and division strategy maturity, and between multiplication and division achievement., These results lead to the conclusion that students do use thinking strategies on both multiplication and division combinations, that there is a relationship between achievement and strategy maturity for both multiplication and division, and that perhaps the key to multiplication and division achievement is the level of multiplication strategy maturity a student has reached., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 41-05, Section: A, page: 1989., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1980.

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