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Theses and Dissertations

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Lucifer's Light
Lucifer's Light
This dissertation examines market-based shifts in moral reasoning within nineteenth-century England's lucifer matchstick industry. Lucifers were the first widely-produced friction matches, able to be struck on any surface thanks to a compound including elemental (also called white or yellow) phosphorus on the matchstick head. Unfortunately, it was recognized very early in the industry's life that workers exposed to white phosphorus were at risk of developing a gruesome jaw disease. Osteonecrosis of the jaw, colloquially referred to as "phossy jaw", caused gum soreness, tooth loss, bone deterioration, and, in the most serious cases, death. As I argue, over the history of lucifer manufacture, the moral dilemma of industrial disease came to be addressed as a market problem that required a market solution. By focusing on primary sources and moral responses in the early lucifer industry, this dissertation traces the development of a market-based moral response to phossy jaw. I argue that the moral solutions to the dilemmas of the matchstick industry preserved a host of harmful arrangements while casting them in the optimistic light of progress towards a just market. In short, the market could not solve the problems that the market was causing. In order to clarify this dynamic, I build on Karl Polanyi's theory of the double movement of marketization and protectionism that came to be characteristic of market society. Over the course of the nineteenth century, the move to treat "the market" as something separate from society that also ought to arrange society, had deleterious effects on the social bonds between human beings. The requirement to work for a wage and the imperative to produce commodities to sell at profit required that human activity and nature be treated as commodities. On a large scale, this resulted in harm to people and the environment, but this harm was addressed through social, political, and legal forms of protectionism that addressed the damage while preserving the market imperatives that caused it. On a smaller scale, phossy jaw and the lucifer industry provide a case study in the ways that this grand movement impacted the daily lives of children, women, and men who produced matchsticks. After the introduction, the next two chapters tell the history of two constants in the industry: the production of phosphorus-tipped matchsticks and phossy jaw. Chapter Two is the history of phosphorus production from its discovery to its application in matchstick manufacture. Chapter Three, "A Grinning Death's Head", analyzes several early medical reports of the disease itself and contains graphic accounts of the disease and its clear link to lucifer production. Chapters Four and Five illustrate the ways that responses to the industry's dilemmas preserved the production of a harmful commodity while casting its preservation as a moral good using the emerging categories of the logic of the market. Chapter Four uses Henry Mayhew's London Labour and the London Poor to illustrate the wide-ranging reach of the industry, from factory laborers to street laborers. Mayhew's work witnesses to the ways that, in Polanyian terminology, the social was being subsumed to the demands of the market. Mayhew illustrates the interconnectedness of society even while categorizing human activity in market terms, thereby reproducing the conditions necessary for society to become arranged to primarily support commodity production. Chapter Five examines the ways that a factory commissioner's report in the early 1860s provides the moral framework to justify the continued production of lucifers. The report does so by changing every aspect of the industry except the commodity itself. The conclusion illustrates the ways that these approaches solved the problem of phossy jaw without ever solving the problem of phossy jaw and, more broadly, the way that market-based solutions failed to solve market-induced moral dilemmas., A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Religion in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy., October 12, 2022., Karl Polanyi, Lucifer Match, Victorian England, Includes bibliographical references., Matthew Day, Professor Directing Dissertation; Charles Upchurch, University Representative; Martin Kavka, Committee Member; John Kelsay, Committee Member.
Luminous Brotherhood
Luminous Brotherhood
This study focuses on the practice of Spiritualism among a group of Afro-creole men from 1858 until 1877 in New Orleans. It contends that Spiritualism was the process in which these Afro-creoles envisioned the proper social, political, and religious ordering of the material world. Communicating with the world of the wise spirits offered the Cercle Harmonique a forum for airing their political grievances and for imagining a more egalitarian world. Many of their messages focused on what the spirits called "the Idea," a concept which meant humanitarian progress, equality, egalitarianism, brotherhood, and harmony. Championing the Idea, Spiritualism mediated the social and political changes experienced by Afro-creoles in the late antebellum and post-Civil War world. The messages the Cercle Harmonique received from the spirit world--and the spirits who sent them--mediated the changes to the New Orleans social, political, religious, and cultural climate. From a close reading of their séance records and noting the spiritual network into which they placed themselves, this study maps the Afro-creoles' social, political, racial, and religious goals. Concurrently, the project also illuminates how the Cercle Harmonique understood New Orleanian and American society and politics and the hierarchical Catholic institution to be limiting humanity's progress. Tyrannical leaders, corrupt power, and white supremacy worked against the Idea. However, through their séances the Cercle Harmonique connected with an idealized society, and while that idealized society existed apart from the Spiritualists, their communication provided the Afro-creoles with republican ideology to combat politically destructive forces on earth., Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Religion in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy., Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2014., Date of Defense: March 26, 2014., Keywords: African American religion, American religious history, New Orleans, Spiritualism, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references., Advisory Committee: John Corrigan, Professor Directing Dissertation; David Kirby, University Representative; Amanda Porterfield, Committee Member; Martin Kavka, Committee Member; Michael McVicar, Committee Member.
Luminous Intensity Measurements for LED Related Traffic Signals and Signs
Luminous Intensity Measurements for LED Related Traffic Signals and Signs
The proper intensity and chromaticity of traffic signals and signs play a key role in the safe management of the traffic environment. Light Emitting Diode (LED) becomes the most important light emitting device for traffic signals and signs. This thesis describes an experimental measurement system which will measure the luminous intensity of several types of traffic signals and signs, which are made of LEDs. Although chromaticity measurement will be mentioned, the thesis is focused on luminous intensity measurement. While there are many different types of traffic signals, this thesis will focus on the current measurement procedure of the 12-inch traffic signal and the improvement of the procedure. The measurement procedure for other types of LED-related signals and future development are also discussed., Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science., Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2004., Date of Defense: November 21, 2003., Keywords: Luminous Intensity, LED, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references., Advisory Committee: Jim P. Zheng, Professor Directing Thesis; Leonard J. Tung, Committee Member; Bing W. Kwan, Committee Member.
Lydia Maria Child
Lydia Maria Child
During the nineteenth century, Lydia Maria Child was widely recognized for her contributions to American non-fiction, literature and journalism during a career that spanned six decades. She was an activist, abolitionist, and champion of equal rights for all. Today, Child's accomplishments are known to few but the most ardent scholars of the period, yet her enlightened approaches to issues of race, gender and cultural equality are as vital in our time as they were when she penned them. Much of what Child wrote nearly two centuries ago can be directly applied to the social challenges of the twenty-first century. For this reason, she is the object of study for this thesis, which this author fervently hopes will help to reacquaint the American reading public with messages from another time that must also be heeded in our own., Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of English in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts., Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2005., Date of Defense: Date of Defense: June 28, 2005., Keywords: Feminist, First Woman of the Republic, Crusader, Nineteenth Century Author, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references., Advisory committee: John Fenstermaker, Professor Directing Thesis; Bruce Bickley, Committee Member; Anne Rowe, Committee Member.
Lyre as a Sonic Icon in the Italian Renaissance
Lyre as a Sonic Icon in the Italian Renaissance
This thesis explores the musical, metaphorical, and metaphysical symbolism of the lyre as a term, as an image, and as a physical instrument in fourteenth through sixteenth centuries Italy, analyzing evidence to argue that it acted as a sonic icon. The term sonic icon refers to the visual and sonic importance of this instrument held by scholars, musicians, and artists during this period. This can be seen through multivalences surrounding the lyre as a term, image, or stringed instrument of many types, as a mythical and philosophical symbol, and as a tool for musical performances, including those which involved healing and connections to esoteric practices. The lyre's importance was re-emphasized through an "early music" revival during this time period where humanist scholars attempted the application and synthesis of their understanding of music in Greek and Roman antiquity with contemporary performances. The present study includes a brief introduction to the lyre and musical practices of antiquity followed by considerations of performance practice, esoteric beliefs, as well as visual and sonic symbolic representations of the instrument. In doing so, I will argue that humanists were engaging in a mimetic relationship with this instrument as an abstract concept in their attempts to re-sound this music, providing an additional lens through which one can view the presence of antiquity in the Italian Renaissance., A Thesis submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music., March 30, 2023., Early Music, Italian Renaissance, Kithara, Lyre, Marsilio Ficino, Occultism, Includes bibliographical references., Charles E. Brewer, Professor Directing Thesis; Panayotis League, Committee Member; Sarah Eyerly, Committee Member.
Lyric Resistance
Lyric Resistance
Taking up recent arguments associated with New Lyric Studies, contemporary genre theory, and historical poetics, this dissertation examines the trajectory of the dramatic element in twentieth-century poetry and its specific practice in the verse drama. Particularly, it argues that the persistent interest among twentieth-century poets in composing verse drama arises out of a resistance to what has been called the lyricization of poetry. By investigating the dramas of poets as diverse as Sadakichi Hartmann, T. S. Eliot, Gertrude Stein, Djuna Barnes, Robert Lowell, and Derek Walcott, among others, this study reconsiders poets’ engagements with the theater as endeavors vital to poetic, and not merely theatrical history. Through an examination of the poetic dramas of Hartmann and Eliot, I argue that the ways modernist poets deploy ritual are not merely anthropological, disinterested acts, but part of a larger interest in creating liturgical, actionable works of poetry, reforming our ideas of modernist interest in religious practices and communal experiences of poetry. Further, I argue that the verse dramas of Stein and Barnes help us to re-frame narratives of poetic subjectivity and repudiate the purported “death of tragedy” in a lyric age, developing a more full picture of poetry’s ability to engage with and present traumatic experience. In the final chapter, I demonstrate by looking to the verse dramas of Lowell and Walcott the ways that the verse drama challenges the lyric’s perceived a-historical status, finding in the theater a place for historical and political engagement. Thus, this dissertation addresses a current scholarly gap in the study of twentieth-century poetry by examining an oft-overlooked, yet vital form created during an era associated with the dominance of the lyric, and argues that by including verse dramas in contemporary accounts of poetry, we find a more fully-formed perspective of twentieth-century poetics and, particularly, the possibilities of poetic practice beyond the boundaries of the lyric., Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of English in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy., Degree Awarded: Summer Semester 2016., Date of Defense: June 30, 2016., Keywords: History, Lyric, Poetry, Resistance, Tragedy, Verse Drama, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references., Advisory Committee: Andrew Epstein, Professor Directing Dissertation; Lisa Wakamiya, University Representative; S. E. Gontarski, Committee Member; Robert Stilling, Committee Member.
Lysosomal processing of sialoglycoconjugates in a wheat germ agglutinin resistant variant of EL4 murine leukemia cells
Lysosomal processing of sialoglycoconjugates in a wheat germ agglutinin resistant variant of EL4 murine leukemia cells
Metabolic studies were undertaken in EL4 murine leukemia cells and in WB6, a wheat germ agglutinin-resistant variant of EL4, in order to identify any differences in lysosomal processing of sialoglyco-conjugates. Five lysosomal acid hydrolases, acetylesterase, acid phosphatase, $\beta$-galactosidase, $\alpha$-mannosidase, and neuraminidase, were studied using fluorescent 4-methylumbelliferyl substrates. No significant differences were found in the total activity of any of these enzymes in EL4 and WB6. Cells were incubated in the presence of N-acetylmannosamine, the metabolic precursor of sialic acid (N-acetylneuraminic acid). Free sialic acid accumulated in the lysosomes of WB6 but not of EL4. The accumulation of lysosomal free sialic acid in WB6 showed a dependence on the concentration of N-acetylmannosamine in the growth medium. Metabolic labelling with (6-$\sp3$H) -N-acetylmannosamine showed that WB6 accumulated lysosomal free sialic acid even at very low concentrations of N-acetylmannosamine. The two cell lines differed in their distribution of radiolabelled neutral sugars, free sialic acid, and sialoglycoproteins. The velocity of ($\sp3$H)-sialic acid release was 3.7-fold lower in WB6 than in EL4, suggesting that WB6 has a defect in lysosomal sialic acid transport. The metabolic consequences of this defect are examined, in light of other biochemical and immunological data on these cells., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 51-01, Section: B, page: 0181., Major Professor: Penny J. Gilmer., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1989.
M-DCPS iHEAT Experience
M-DCPS iHEAT Experience
This qualitative case study examined the professional development practices at 2 of the 9 schools involved in the Incentives for Highly Effective Administrators and Teachers (iHEAT) Program in Miami-Dade County Public Schools from 2013-2017. The iHEAT Program was funded through a Teacher Incentive Fund (TIF) grant and provided participating schools with Peer Review Teachers who were fully released from classroom duties and served as full time instructional coaches, and provided job-embedded professional development. The program also awarded stipends for certain professional development activities and for highly effective teaching performance, as measured by the district’s teacher evaluation system. This research was conducted to determine how the teachers who participated in the program both experienced the program and perceived the relationship between those experiences and their instructional practices. Background on the history of professional development, important definitions, and current professional learning standards are all provided. The literature review starts with studies giving the definition and history of professional development in the United States. It then builds on that information by summarizing research on the current state of professional development in the United States and in other countries. The review also provides a local context, by explaining the state of professional learning in Florida generally, and in Miami-Dade County Public Schools, specifically. Finally, it explores the research on the importance of the teacher as a factor in instructional effectiveness. Some gaps in the literature on professional learning are identified. iHEAT participating teachers were interviewed, and the data collected illustrate the experiences and perceptions of the teachers. An analysis of these data shows the teachers’ perceptions of the relationship between those experiences and their instructional practices. Administrators at the 2 schools, including both principals and assistant principals, also participated in interviews designed to determine how they viewed the program and the teachers’ experiences, as well as whether they perceived a relationship between the teachers’ participation and their instructional practices. The interview data indicate that the iHEAT Program was positively received in the schools, that teachers learned and grew from their experiences, and that there are some practices which will continue in the schools after the conclusion of the program. Teachers and administrators noted improvements in the school culture and collaboration. They also provided examples of differentiation and increased use of data analysis in their practice. In addition, the educators reported aspects of the educational practices implemented during iHEAT that remain in the schools and contribute to the ongoing professional growth of the teachers. This study also provides lessons learned and conclusions about what aspects of the iHEAT professional development practices might be useful for educators in other contexts. District staff considering peer review programs, teacher leaders developing professional learning experiences, and classroom teachers involved in coaching programs all might find the results of this study relevant. As educational institutions shift from traditional professional development models to more collaborative modes of learning, for both teachers and students, a new approach is needed, and this study will suggest policies and practices that might be studied further or replicated., Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education., Degree Awarded: Spring Semester 2019., Date of Defense: February 19, 2019., Keywords: peer review, professional development, professional learning, professional learning communities, teacher evaluation, teacher quality, Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references., Advisory Committee: Stephanie Zuilkowski, Professor Directing Dissertation; Stephen McDowell, University Representative; Motoko Akiba, Committee Member; Robert A. Schwartz, Committee Member.
MACHIAVELLI: POLITICS AND "THE MANDRAGOLA" (ITALY)
MACHIAVELLI: POLITICS AND "THE MANDRAGOLA" (ITALY)
The political and historical writings of Niccolo Machiavelli have been subjected to intense scrutiny. Yet, in the face of a body of work that has provoked such commentary, Machiavelli's greatest comedy, the Mandragola, has been limited to literary analysis and brief political commentary., Specifically, interpretations of the Mandragola have simply stressed the translation of realpolitik in The Prince into the terms of erotic intrigue and sexual farce in the Mandragola. This type of mapping by correspondences between genres has proved the interchangeability of seduction and conspiracy that makes politics ubiquitous in Machiavelli's work, but has not properly considered Machiavelli's intent on deriving the "verita effettuale della cosa.", Because the Mandragola reveals in comic form as significant a commentary on the political and human condition as The Prince, an extended study of the Mandragola is appropriate. Not only is the Mandragola subject to the same laws that govern the world of The Prince, but to penetrate the farce of the Mandragola will reveal a comic angle of vision that not only questions and challenges the political and social values of Renaissance society, but, like The Prince, carries with it tragic implications inherent in Machiavelli's conception of political foundation., This dissertation consists of two main parts: the first part emphasizes the political works of Machiavelli, especially The Prince and The Discourses, and their relationship to the ideas of political foundation and maintenance; the second part concentrates on the Mandragola, especially the politically dark side of the comedy that pierces its comic trappings. Finally, it is proffered that the Mandragola may in fact go beyond Machiavelli's political presentments to suggest a more sobering world view that acknowledges farce and tragedy as interchangeable aspects of universal history itself., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 46-04, Section: A, page: 1077., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1985.
MAGNESIUM METABOLISM IN THE RAT
MAGNESIUM METABOLISM IN THE RAT
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 15-07, page: 1168., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1955.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE INVESTIGATION OF POTASSIUM-CUPRICCHLORIDE
MAGNETIC RESONANCE INVESTIGATION OF POTASSIUM-CUPRICCHLORIDE
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 30-12, Section: B, page: 5654., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1969.
MAGNITUDE ESTIMATES OF SPATIAL SUMMATION FOR CONDUCTED COOL STIMULI ALONG WITH THERMAL FRACTIONATION AND A CASE OF SECONDARY HYPERALGESIA
MAGNITUDE ESTIMATES OF SPATIAL SUMMATION FOR CONDUCTED COOL STIMULI ALONG WITH THERMAL FRACTIONATION AND A CASE OF SECONDARY HYPERALGESIA
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 39-11, Section: B, page: 5605., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1978.
MAGNITUDE OF FRUSTRATION EFFECT AS A FUNCTION OF HABIT AND INCENTIVE FACTORS
MAGNITUDE OF FRUSTRATION EFFECT AS A FUNCTION OF HABIT AND INCENTIVE FACTORS
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 30-02, Section: B, page: 0859., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1968.
MAIN THEMES AND CHARACTERS IN THE WORKS OF GONZALO TORRENTE BALLESTER (SPAIN)
MAIN THEMES AND CHARACTERS IN THE WORKS OF GONZALO TORRENTE BALLESTER (SPAIN)
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 32-09, Section: A, page: 5242., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1971.
MALE-BIASED SEX RATIOS IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (TREMATODA: SCHISTOSOMATIDAE) (SCHISTOSOMIASIS, DIGENEA)
MALE-BIASED SEX RATIOS IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (TREMATODA: SCHISTOSOMATIDAE) (SCHISTOSOMIASIS, DIGENEA)
Reports in the literature have shown that sex ratios of adult schistosomes, in mammalian hosts, are usually biased toward males despite the finding that sex is determined (ZZ males, ZW females) in the zygote, giving the expectation of a 50:50 sex ratio for miracidia. The ability to identify the sex of Schistosoma mansoni larvae by examining interphase nuclei for W-chromatin (Liberatos and Short, 1983, J. Parasitol., 69:1084-1089) made possible the monitoring of sex ratios as the life cycle progressed from miracidia to adults., The sex ratio of miracidia (within 1 hr after hatching) was 211 males:216 females, and did not differ significantly from 50:50. The adult sex ratio was biased toward males (3:1), and the bias was caused by greater male infectivity of miracidia for snails and cercariae for mice. A significantly higher percentage of male miracidia developed to cercarial production in unimiracidial infections (57 male, 34 female snail infections), and a significantly higher percentage of male cercariae developed to adulthood in mice (143 male, 79 female worms resulted from 900 male and 900 female cercariae)., No significant differences were found between male and female parasites for longevity of miracidia (about 10 hr) and cercariae (males 21.3 (+OR-) 5.75, females 25.0 (+OR-) 7.02 hr), prepatent periods of snail hosts (males 34 (+OR-) 2.92, females 33 (+OR-) 2.36 days), longevity of snail infections (males 96.6 (+OR-) 25.15, females 115.2 (+OR-) 82.43 days), and the number of cercariae produced (males 30,751.44 (+OR-) 18,064.33, females 34,083.00 (+OR-) 33,732.82 per snail lifetime)., Present results are of theoretical significance for theories of biased sex ratios, which at present cannot account for the male-biased ratio of S. mansoni. Present results also suggest that transmission models for schistosomiasis that assume a 50:50 sex ratio at all stages of the life cycle should be reassessed., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 47-05, Section: B, page: 1827., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1986.
MALRAUX'S CONCEPT OF DEATH: A DEFINITION OF THE THEME IN THE NOVELS AND AN ANALYSIS OF ITS ROLE IN HIS CONCEPT OF ART
MALRAUX'S CONCEPT OF DEATH: A DEFINITION OF THE THEME IN THE NOVELS AND AN ANALYSIS OF ITS ROLE IN HIS CONCEPT OF ART
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 33-03, Section: A, page: 1172., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1972.
MAN IN HIS STRUGGLE: STRUCTURE, TECHNIQUE, AND THEME IN FAULKNER'S SNOPESTRILOGY
MAN IN HIS STRUGGLE: STRUCTURE, TECHNIQUE, AND THEME IN FAULKNER'S SNOPESTRILOGY
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 31-03, Section: A, page: 1287., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1969.
MANAGEMENT COMPETENCIES NEEDED BY THE FLORIDA SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE ADMINISTRATORS AND SUPERVISORS: PREREQUISITES FOR A TRAINING PROGRAM
MANAGEMENT COMPETENCIES NEEDED BY THE FLORIDA SCHOOL FOOD SERVICE ADMINISTRATORS AND SUPERVISORS: PREREQUISITES FOR A TRAINING PROGRAM
This study identified and validated management competencies and training needed by Florida district school food service administrators and supervisors to operate a quality food service program. Competencies were identified from literature, developd into a survey instrument, reviewed by experts, revised to incorporate suggestions by experts, and validated by respondents who also identified training needed., The population consisted of school food service administrators and supervisors (133) from 67 Florida districts. Usable data were returned from 62 administrators and 53 supervisors (115)., The survey instrument, utilizing a Likert-type scale, contained 50 management competencies. A mean rating for importance of 2.0 or more by a minimum of 55% of the respondents and a mean rating for need for training of 2.0 or more by a minimum of 55% of the respondents were criteria used in accepting items as validated competencies. Data analysis determined: (1) Characteristics of the administrators and supervisors. (2) Degree of importance and training need for the operation of a quality school food service program of the competencies by management skill categories--technical, communication, conceptual, and human--as perceived by administrators and supervisors. (3) Rank order by importance of competencies. (4) Differences between administrator and supervisor perceptions of importance of competencies and need for training. (5) Commonalities of competencies required by administrators and supervisors in small, medium, and large size districts., Findings indicated: (1) Respondents (89.5%) had attained a bachelor's or master's degree, with 69.6% certified in school food service; 92% had previous related food and nutrition work experience. (2) Indentified management competencies were important to the operation of quality school food service programs. (3) Administrators and supervisors considered technical skill management competencies more important than communication, conceptual, and human skill competencies. (4) Administrators perceived the need for more competencies than did supervisors. (5) Administrators had training needs in more competencies than did supervisors. (6) Competencies differed for administrators and supervisors in small, medium, and large size school districts., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 43-02, Section: A, page: 0331., Thesis (Educat.D.)--The Florida State University, 1982.
MANAGEMENT ROLE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE DIVISION CHAIRPERSONS IN FLORIDA'S SYSTEM OF PUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION
MANAGEMENT ROLE OF COMMUNITY COLLEGE DIVISION CHAIRPERSONS IN FLORIDA'S SYSTEM OF PUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION
The problem of the study was to compare the perceived roles of various subsets of division chairpersons in Florida's public community colleges and the perceptions of academic deans in the same system., Using a framework of role conflict and role ambiguity, the researcher developed, with the assistance of a jury of community college educators, an instrument that contained statements of thirty-one management activities. The respondents were asked to evaluate each activity in terms of importance and performance, using two Likert type scales with ranges of 1 to 5. The instrument was a modified version of a questionnaire used by the Institute for Departmental Leadership at Florida State University to collect data from academic middle managers at the state universities in Florida., The survey instrument was sent to each of the 160 division chairpersons and the 42 chief academic officers in the population. The response rate was 66 per cent for chairpersons and 69 per cent for chief academic officers. All usable data were analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) software procedures for computing means and other statistics., The major conclusions of this study were as follows: (1) Division chairpersons do not have teaching or administrative experience at another college but consider themselves to be administrators. Also, they earned their highest degree held while at the college. (2) Division chairpersons are satisfied with administration and wish to continue in that role. (3) The role of the division chairperson at small community colleges is more like that of a faculty member. (4) Where there is congruence between importance and performance of management tasks, the activities are considered to be of low importance. (5) Chief academic officers are more satisfied with the performance of chairpersons than the chairpersons themselves. (6) Chief academic officers give more importance to a chairperson's management activities internal to the division; chairpersons give a higher ranking to activities affecting the overall institution., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 44-12, Section: A, page: 3613., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1983.
MANAGERIAL ACTIVITY ANALYSIS VIA MINTZBERG'S ROLE THEORY: THE EFFECTS OF PERSON AND ORGANIZATION VARIABLES
MANAGERIAL ACTIVITY ANALYSIS VIA MINTZBERG'S ROLE THEORY: THE EFFECTS OF PERSON AND ORGANIZATION VARIABLES
This research examined the contingency view of management using Mintzberg's role concept. A modified activity sampling methodology was used. Self-reported activities and interactions were mapped to one of eleven roles--Mintzberg's ten or a subordinate role., The major research objectives were to test Adcock's modified activity sampling methodology to detect the role behavior of military managers, to verify that military managers act in all eleven roles, to determine the effect of selected organization and person variables and combined effects in how managers distribute their time in roles, and to detect differences between private and military managers regarding role behavior., The methodology successfully detected role behavior. All eleven roles existed and the managers did not distribute their time in the roles uniformly., Four organization variables had an effect on time in roles. Span of control affected the figurehead, leader, task leader, monitor, entrepreneur, and resource allocator roles. Hierarchical level affected the figurehead, leader, spokesman, and resource allocator roles and may have had a wider effect if it were not highly correlated with the number supervised. Number supervised affected the figurehead, monitor, and disturbance handler roles. Line/staff functional area affected the disseminator, entrepreneur, and resource allocator roles but was correlated with span of control., The time distribution among roles was the same for both military and private sector managers., The results for the person variables were disappointing. Need for achievement (n Ach) affected the leader, task leader, and disseminator roles. Leadership orientation affected time in the figurehead role but was highly correlated with span of control. Marginality did not affect any role; however, it was correlated with leadership orientation. The combined effect, n Ach/mid-level management, affected the entrepreneur and negotiator roles. Overall, the organization variables affected the roles to a much greater extent than the person variables., This study verified that management is contingent upon the situation. Researchers must move forward and determine what situations require what roles and skills and which of these in particular situations lead to effective results. Practitioners can then better select managers for particular jobs. Together, systems of selection, appraisal, development, and promotion can be derived., Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 47-01, Section: A, page: 0241., Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Florida State University, 1985.

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