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Spin-polarized unrestricted density functional theory is used to calculate the molecular properties of magnetic semiconductor quantum dots doped with 3d-metal atoms. We calculate total energies of the low spin antiferromagnetically coupled states using a spin-flipping algorithm leading to the broken-symmetry states. Given the novel nature of the materials studied, we simulate experimental observables such as hyperfine couplings, ionization/ energies, electron affinities, first and second order polarizabilities, band gaps and exchange coupling constants. Specifically, we begin our investigation with pure clusters of (CdSe)_16 and demonstrate the dependence of molecular observables on geometrical structures. We also show that the many isomers of this cluster are energetically quite closely spaced, and thus it would be necessary to employ a battery of tests to experimentally distinguish them. Next, we discuss Mn-doping into the cage (CdSe)_9 cluster as well as the zinc-blende stacking type cluster (CdSe)_36. We show that the local exchange coupling mechanism is ligand-mediated superexchange and simulate the isotropic hyperfine constants. Finally, we discuss a novel study where (CdSe)_9 is doped with Mn or Fe up to a full replacement of all the Cd's and discuss the transition points for the magnetic behavior and specifically the greatly differing band-gap shifts. We also outline an unexpected pattern in the polarizability of the material as metals are added and compare our results with the results from theoretical studies of the bulk material.
A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry in partial fulfillment of the Doctor of Philosophy.
Includes bibliographical references.
Naresh S. Dalal, Professor Directing Dissertation; Irinel Chiorescu, University Representative; Geoffrey F. Strouse, Committee Member; Wei Yang, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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