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With the increase in incarceration rates starting in the 1980s, scholars are beginning to examine the unintended consequences of incarceration on families. While much attention has been given to effects of parental incarceration on child delinquency and criminal justice system involvement, far less attention has been given to child health outcomes over the life course. This study utilizes the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and latent growth curve analysis to examine the effects of parental incarceration on specific health related outcomes and overall health in adolescence and young adulthood, taking the gender of the child and the timing of parental incarceration into consideration. Findings suggest that parental incarceration negatively impacts specific health related outcomes, though these effects manifest differently for men and women. Overall, parental incarceration negatively impacts self-rated health, suggesting that while the mechanisms or pathways that parental incarceration works through may differ for men and women, the result is poorer global or overall health for both groups. Timing of parental incarceration is also important, with those experiencing parental incarceration in early childhood (between ages 0 and 5) showing the most consistently negative outcomes.