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Writing Quality in Chinese Children

Title: Writing Quality in Chinese Children: Speed and Fluency Matter.
Name(s): Yan, Cathy Ming Wai, author
McBride-Chang, Catherine, author
Wagner, Richard K, author
Zhang, Juan, author
Wong, Anita M Y, author
Shu, Hua, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2012-08-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: There were two goals of the present study. The first was to create a scoring scheme by which 9-year-old Chinese children's writing compositions could be rated to form a total score for writing quality. The second was to examine cognitive correlates of writing quality at age 9 from measures administered at ages 6-9. Age 9 writing compositions were scored using a 7-element rubric; following confirmatory factor analyses, 5 of these elements were retained to represent overall writing quality for subsequent analyses. Measures of vocabulary knowledge, Chinese word dictation, phonological awareness, speed of processing, speeded naming, and handwriting fluency at ages 6-9 were all significantly associated with the obtained overall writing quality measure even when the statistical effect of age was removed. With vocabulary knowledge, dictation skill, age, gender, and phonological awareness included in a regression equation, 35% of the variance in age 9 writing quality was explained. With the variables of speed of processing, speeded naming, and handwriting fluency additionally included as a block, 12% additional variance in the equation was explained. In addition to gender, overall unique correlates of writing quality were dictation, speed of processing, and handwriting fluency, underscoring the importance of both general automaticity and specific writing fluency for writing quality development in children.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_25750486 (IID), 10.1007/s11145-011-9330-y (DOI), PMC4350372 (PMCID), 25750486 (RID), 25750486 (EID)
Keywords: Dictation, Longitudinal study, Phonological awareness, Writing quality
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Reading and writing.
Issue: iss. 7, vol. 25

Choose the citation style.
Yan, C. M. W., McBride-Chang, C., Wagner, R. K., Zhang, J., Wong, A. M. Y., & Shu, H. (2012). Writing Quality in Chinese Children: Speed and Fluency Matter. Reading And Writing. Retrieved from