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Capitalist business ventures have a long history of exploiting traditional societies, such as indigenous groups, for their labor and natural resources. The Fair Trade business model has recently emerged as a step towards more equal international trade norms, and strives to create mutually beneficial relationships between producers and business entities. However, due to disparities in the values of each party, tensions arise as Fair Trade entities attempt to "bridge the gap" between capitalist endeavors and indigenous communities. Though such tensions are challenging, they do not represent failures and should be seen as components in the in the ongoing process of evolution towards more sustainable and equitable international trade norms. This thesis uses library research to investigate the goals and difficulties present in the Fair Trade movement, and uses participant observation, formal interviews, and pile sorts to present a Case Study that explores the ways that an indigenous Ecuadorian community views and engages in a Fair Trade tea initiative.