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Social and physical aspects of sexual intercourse provide protective benefits on mental and physical health in humans. Similarly, in rodents, mating promotes resistance to anxiety- and- depressive-like behaviors. Furthermore, our lab has shown that sexually experienced males are also more resistant to the effects of stress, as evidenced by decreased neuronal stress-reactivity in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. However, little is known about the possible effects of recent mating or mating abstinence on motivation for other natural rewards. Here, we tested whether mating history, at different time periods, would affect measures of motivation and/or anxiety-like behaviors. We hypothesized that recent sexual activity would protect against anxiety-like behavior and anhedonia, whereas loss of sexual activity would have the opposite effect, compared to control males. The study found that recent mating increased motivation for a food reward in an anxiety-provoking novel setting, while abstinence from sexual experience decreased sucrose consumption at lower sucrose concentrations.