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This thesis examines and analyzes the Soviet Union's religious policies through a comparison of policy toward the Russian Orthodox Church and that toward Islam. It explains the differences in religious policy between each Soviet leader, while further breaking down each leader's policies for both religions. It argues that a universal Soviet religious policy did not exist, each Soviet leader instead creating his own religious policy. It furthermore argues that the Soviet ideology of Leninist-socialism was not the motivating factor in the formation of policy, but that the personal goals of each leader, as well as the inherent need to protect the state's power and image, comprised the main factors in policy creation. The scope of this thesis is the entire span of the Soviet Union's existence.
Islam, Religious Policy, Russian Orthodox Church, Soviet
Date of Defense
April 6, 2012.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of History in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts.
Includes bibliographical references.
Jonathon Grant, Professor Directing Thesis; Peter Garretson, Committee Member; George Williamson, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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