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This thesis examines an assemblage of artifacts recovered from the U.S. Army Transport Maple Leaf. This assemblage was part of a cargo of baggage from three regiments of Union Army troops sent to Florida in 1864. The U.S. Sanitary Commission, a civilian aid organization, likely distributed the assemblage studied to one or all of these regiments. It consists of non-military equipment likely used for medical practices. The assemblage is examined in context of the emergence of sanitary medical practices and the emergence of sanitation in the medical community during the Civil War. This thesis argues that newly introduced, more effective sanitary practices of the Civil War were not adopted after the war because the underlying cause of infection and disease was not understood. It was only after the advent of germ theory in the 1890's that the medical community adopted sanitation practices first recommended in the early 1860's.
sanitary commission, shipwreck, maple leaf, civil war medicine
Date of Defense
April 6, 2004.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Anthropology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts.
Includes bibliographical references.
Cheryl Ward, Professor Directing Thesis; Michael K. (Michael Kent) Faught, 1950-, Committee Member; Clarence Gravlee, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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