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Quasi-Monte Carlo methods are a variant of ordinary Monte Carlo methods that employ highly uniform quasirandom numbers in place of Monte Carlo's pseudorandom numbers. Monte Carlo methods offer statistical error estimates; however, while quasi-Monte Carlo has a faster convergence rate than normal Monte Carlo, one cannot obtain error estimates from quasi-Monte Carlo sample values by any practical way. A recently proposed method, called randomized quasi-Monte Carlo methods, takes advantage of Monte Carlo and quasi-Monte Carlo methods. Randomness can be brought to bear on quasirandom sequences through scrambling and other related randomization techniques in randomized quasi-Monte Carlo methods, which provide an elegant approach to obtain error estimates for quasi-Monte Carlo based on treating each scrambled sequence as a different and independent random sample. The core of randomized quasi-Monte Carlo is to find an effective and fast algorithm to scramble (randomize) quasirandom sequences. This dissertation surveys research on algorithms and implementations of scrambled quasirandom sequences and proposes some new algorithms to improve the quality of scrambled quasirandom sequences. Besides obtaining error estimates for quasi-Monte Carlo, scrambling techniques provide a natural way to parallelize quasirandom sequences. This scheme is especially suitable for distributed or grid computing. By scrambling a quasirandom sequence we can produce a family of related quasirandom sequences. Finding one or a subset of optimal quasirandom sequences within this family is an interesting problem, as such optimal quasirandom sequences can be quite useful for quasi-Monte Carlo. The process of finding such optimal quasirandom sequences is called the derandomization of a randomized (scrambled) family. We summarize aspects of this technique and propose some new algorithms for finding optimal sequences from the Halton, Faure and Sobol sequences. Finally we explore applications of derandomization.