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Four shipwrecks of Late Antiquity were discovered in deep water during a survey in the summer of 2000 near the city of Sinop on the southern coast of the Black Sea. The survey was part of a long-term Institute for Exploration (IFE) project to explore archaeological maritime resources of the Black Sea led by Robert Ballard and a team of researchers from several organizations. Surveys were conducted using side-scan sonar and remotely operated vehicles. In 2003 the team returned with HERCULES, a remotely operated vehicle especially designed for archaeological investigations. Three of the four shipwreck sites were investigated with HERCULES. The focus of this thesis is the analysis of data collected from three of the shipwrecks during the 2000 and 2003 surveys. Information from analysis has been incorporated into a framework of history and economics, placing the three shipwrecks within an anthropological context, and recommendations for expanding and building on these preliminary investigations are offered.
Remotely Operated Vehicles, Shipwrecks, Maritime Archaeology, Byzantine, Black Sea, Late Antiquity
Date of Defense
March 28, 2005.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Anthropology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts.
Includes bibliographical references.
Cheryl Ward, Professor Directing Thesis; Glen Doran, Committee Member; David Stone, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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