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Recent research suggests that intentional forgetting can lead to increases in false recollection, while manipulations of unintentional forgetting may cause decreases in false recollection. Kimball and Bjork (2002) demonstrated that list method directed forgetting produces a significant increase in the occurrence of false memories in the DRM paradigm, while a part-set cueing manipulation caused false memories to be inhibited (see also Reysen & Nairne, 2002). In a series of two experiments these results were examined and extended. In contrast to earlier work, by matching the encoding modalities and encoding time, and limiting opportunities for rehearsal and output interference, both procedures produced a significant decrease in false and veridical recall. The results indicate that the production and inhibition of false memories is largely mediated by encoding dynamics, and is not solely a function of one's intentions. Furthermore, they suggest that directed forgetting and part-set cueing may result from the same mechanism.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
Colleen M. Kelley, Professor Directing Thesis; Rolf Zwaan, Committee Member; Ashby Plant, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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