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This study examines Middle to Late Woodland subsistence practices in the Gulf coastal zone through faunal analysis of the archaeological features excavated at the Bird Hammock site (8Wa30). Bird Hammock was excavated by Judith Bense in 1968 under the direction of David Phelps. She concluded that the site was occupied by Late Swift Creek (A.D. 150 – 350) and Early Weeden Island (A.D. 200 – 1000) peoples. Bense's thesis focused on ceramic and lithic analysis, but contained only a preliminary faunal identification. Because faunal studies and zooarchaeology were just beginning to be developed, Bense did not quantify the faunal remains. A primary goal of this study, therefore, is to quantify the faunal remains utilizing modern zooarchaeological methods. Vertebrate and invertebrate remains from four features, and one comparative midden level, were selected and analyzed. Using these data, and a sample of comparative sites, a secondary goal of this thesis is to model Middle to Late Woodland subsistence practices in the Gulf coastal zone of Florida.
Swift Creek Culture, Weeden Island Culture, Southeastern Archaeology, Zooarchaeology
Date of Defense
August 12, 2004.
A Thesis submitted to the Department of Anthropology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Includes bibliographical references.
Rochelle Marrinan, Professor Directing Thesis; Glen Doran, Committee Member; William Parkinson, Committee Member.
Florida State University
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