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The purpose of this study was to determine if physical therapy may be more efficacious with the addition of music than without. Nine subjects who toe-walked and were between the ages of two-six years were selected and recommended for participation in this study by a physical therapist. Subjects participated four sessions, and served as their own control. Sessions were baseline, treatment, return to baseline, treatment. Sessions were videotaped and later analyzed by the music therapy researcher and an independent observer using a five second observe, five second record data collection process. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test showed a statistically significant difference in the number of heel and toe scores when music was added to the physical therapy sessions. Though not significantly different, the number of complaints and noncooperation scores decreased as well. More extensive research is recommended to fully explore the most efficacious use of music in combination with children during physical therapy sessions.
A Thesis Submitted to the School of Music in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Music.
Includes bibliographical references.
Florida State University
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