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The "Travels of Sir John Mandeville," a narrative account written by the self-proclaimed knight of St. Albans, was one of the most popular books of the Middle Ages, translated into every major European language by 1400 and surviving in 250 manuscripts today. Originally appearing circa 1356-1366 in French or Anglo-Norman, the Travels records Mandeville's journey from England to the Holy Land, then on to the East. As he moves East, Mandeville encounters various peoples and cultures. He records his experiences among non-Christian peoples and various "monstrous races," such as the one-legged Sciapods and dog-headed Cynocephales, and makes observations about these peoples and their ways of life. Mandeville's descriptions and observations about these "monstrous races" open a window into the way in which the medieval Englishman thought about himself and the "Other"––Christians who lived in different lands, as well as non-Christian peoples. This thesis examines the interplay of the discursive and figural elements of two illustrated manuscripts in the British Library, Royal 17. C. xxxviii and Harley 3954, that contain Mandeville's Travels. By analyzing how the artists of these manuscripts interpreted Mandeville's text, I show how visual images of the monstrous races contributed to the English conception of the Other.