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Quantum Tunneling and Scattering of a Composite Object

Title: Quantum Tunneling and Scattering of a Composite Object.
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Name(s): Ahsan, Naureen, author
Volya, Alexander, professor directing thesis
Aldrovandi, Ettore, university representative
Piekarewicz, Jorge, committee member
Crede, Volker, committee member
Xiong, Peng, committee member
Department of Physics, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2011
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Reaction physics involving composite objects with internal degrees of freedom is an important subject since it is encountered in the context of nuclear processes like fusion, fission, particle decay, as well as many other branches of science. Quantum tunneling and scattering of a composite object are explored in this work. A few model Hamiltonians are chosen as examples where a two-particle system interacts, in one dimension, with a target that poses a delta-potential or an infinite wall potential. It is assumed that only one of the two components interacts with the target. The study includes the harmonic oscillator and the infinite square well as examples of intrinsic Hamiltonians that do not allow the projectile to break up, and a finite square well and a delta-well as examples of Hamiltonians that do. The Projection Method and the Variable Phase Method are applied with the aim of an exact solution to the relevant scattering problems. These methods are discussed in the context of the pertinent convergence issues related thereto, and of their applicability. Virtual excitations of the projectile into the classically forbidden energy-domain are found to play a dominant and non-perturbative role in shaping reaction observables, giving rise to enhanced or reduced tunneling in various situations. Cusps and discontinuities are found to appear in observables as manifestations of unitarity and redistribution of flux at the thresholds. The intrinsic structure gives rise to resonance-like behavior in tunneling probabilities. It is also shown that there is charge asymmetry in the scattering of a composite object, unlike in the case of a structureless particle.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0142 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Physics in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2011.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: April 6, 2011.
Keywords: Projection Method, Infinite Square Well, Harmonic Oscillator, Continuum, Charge Asymmetry, Barkas Effect, Enhanced Tunneling, Variable Phase Method, Virtual Channel, Exact Solution
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Alexander Volya, Professor Directing Thesis; Ettore Aldrovandi, University Representative; Jorge Piekarewicz, Committee Member; Volker Crede, Committee Member; Peng Xiong, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Physics
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0142
Host Institution: FSU

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Ahsan, N. (2011). Quantum Tunneling and Scattering of a Composite Object. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0142