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Higher-protein Intake And Physical Activity Are Associated With Healthier Body Composition And Cardiometabolic Health In Hispanic Adults

Title: Higher-protein Intake And Physical Activity Are Associated With Healthier Body Composition And Cardiometabolic Health In Hispanic Adults.
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Name(s): Brown, Ann F., author
Prado, Carla M., author
Ghosh, Sunita, author
Leonard, Shawn M., author
Arciero, Paul J., author
Tucker, Katherine L., author
Ormsbee, Michael J., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: Mon Apr 01 00:00:00 ED
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Background: Higher protein (HP) intake and physical activity (PA) have been associated with improved lean soft tissue (LST) and reduced fat mass (FM). Puerto Ricans have among the highest age-adjusted prevalence (42.5%) of obesity, which may be associated with inadequate protein consumption and PA. We examined the relationship between protein intake and PA with body composition and biomarkers of cardiometabolic health in Puerto Rican adults. Methods: Participants included 959 Puerto Rican adults (71.4% women, 28.6% men) from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (BPRHS), aged 46-79 y (Women: age, 60.4 +/- 7.6 y, BMI, 32.9 +/- 6.8 kg/m(2); Men: age, 59.8 +/- 7.9 y, BMI, 30.1 +/- 5.2 kg/m(2)). Protein intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and expressed as g/kg body weight/day in energy intake-adjusted equal cut point tertile categories (lower, moderate, higher: LP < 0.91 g/kg/d, MP >= 0.91 <= 1.11 g/kg/d, and HP > 1.11 g/kg/d). PA was assessed by questionnaire and expressed in tertile categories (low, moderate and high; PA1: <0.8 km/d, PA2: >= 0.8 <= 3.2 km/d, PA3: >3.2 km/d). Results: Participants with energy-adjusted HP had lower appendicular LST (ALST: 16.2 +/- 3.8 kg), LST (39.7 +/- 8.0 kg) and FM (25.6 +/- 8.1 kg) when compared to LP (ALST: 20.1 +/- 4.5 kg; LST: 49.5 +/- 10.0 kg; FM: 40.8 +/- 12.3 kg; P < 0.001) and MP (ALST: 18.2 +/- 4.3 kg; LST: 44.1 +/- 8.8 kg; FM: 32.2 +/- 9.8 kg; P < 0.001). However, when adjusted for total body weight (kg), relative LST was significantly greater in HP (58 +/- 9%) when compared to LP (53 +/- 9%; P < 0.001) and MP (56 +/- 9%; P < 0.001). Participants in PA3 had greater ALST (19.5 +/- 5.4 kg), and LST (58 +/- 10%), compared to PA1 (ALST: 17.2 +/- 4.3 kg; LST: 53 +/- 9%; P < 0.001) or PA2 (ALST: 17.7 +/- 4.7 kg; LST: 56 +/- 9%; P < 0.05). Those in HP + PA3 or MP + PA2 had lower c-reactive protein (CRP; HP + PA3: 5.1 +/- 6.8 mg/L; MP + PA2: 6.4 +/- 10.0 mg/L), when compared to LP + PA1 (8.7 +/- 8.8 mg/L; P < 0.05). Insulin concentration was lower for those in both the HP and PA3 (HP + PA3; 11.4 +/- 7.9 IU/mL) compared to those in both the LP and PA1 (LP + PAl; 20.7 +/- 16.3 Ul/mL) (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The highest tertiles of energy-adjusted protein intake (>= 1.11 g/kg/d) and PA (>3.2 km/d) were associated with more desirable indicators of overall body composition and cardiometabolic health, when adjusted for body weight, than those in the lower protein intake and PA in Puerto Rican adults. (C) 2019 European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000461813500021 (IID), 10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.01.002 (DOI)
Keywords: exercise, fat, overweight, weight-loss, appetite, Body composition, Boston puerto rican health study, carbohydrate, dietary-protein, Fat mass, Lean soft tissue, nutritional-status, Physical activity, Protein, total-energy-intake, whey-protein
Publication Note: The publisher's version of record is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.01.002
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000461813500021
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Clinical Nutrition Espen.
2405-4577
Issue: vol. 30

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Brown, A. F., Prado, C. M., Ghosh, S., Leonard, S. M., Arciero, P. J., Tucker, K. L., & Ormsbee, M. J. Higher-protein Intake And Physical Activity Are Associated With Healthier Body Composition And Cardiometabolic Health In Hispanic Adults. Clinical Nutrition Espen. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_wos_000461813500021