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Clarifying the Role of Personality in Sacrificial Moral Dilemmas

Title: Clarifying the Role of Personality in Sacrificial Moral Dilemmas: The Big 5 and HEXACO Predict Deontological and Utilitarian Tendencies.
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Name(s): Dabbs, Alexander Clayton, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Bachelor Thesis
Date Issued: 2020-04-24
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Previous research suggests that personality traits predict dilemma decision-making in sacrificial dilemmas where causing harm maximizes overall outcomes. However, such work cannot disentangle whether such findings reflect aversion to causing harm or desire to maximize outcomes, and traits that predict both may be subject to suppression. To clarify past work, we assessed the Big Five Inventory to measure extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, agreeableness, and openness, and the HEXACO to assess these traits plus honesty/humility. We also assessed incongruent and congruent dilemmas to compute process dissociation parameters reflecting harm-rejection (deontological parameter) and outcome-maximization (utilitarian parameter) response tendencies. Across two studies, Big 5 agreeableness and HEXACO honesty/humility predicted deontological but not utilitarian tendencies, as did Big 5 neuroticism. Conscientiousness predicted both increased utilitarian and deontological tendencies, whereas extraversion predicted lower scores on both (resulting in suppression). Together these findings both corroborate and challenge past work, suggesting that agreeableness and/or honesty/humility and neuroticism predict aversion to causing harm, whereas conscientiousness and low extraversion predict a balance of concern for harming individuals and saving the group.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1587749289_644c4906 (IID)
Keywords: Personality, Big Five, HEXACO, Moral Dilemma, Sacrificial
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1587749289_644c4906
Host Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Dabbs, A. C. (2020). Clarifying the Role of Personality in Sacrificial Moral Dilemmas: The Big 5 and HEXACO Predict Deontological and Utilitarian Tendencies. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1587749289_644c4906