You are here

Application of Dynamic Models to the Exploration of -AR Overactivation as a Cause of Heart Failure.

Title: The Application of Dynamic Models to the Exploration of -AR Overactivation as a Cause of Heart Failure.
1 views
0 downloads
Name(s): Wang, Xiaoyun, author
Zhao, Min, author
Wang, Xiaoqiang, author
Li, Shuping, author
Cao, Ning, author
Liu, Huirong, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2018-07-30
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: High titer of -adrenoreceptor autoantibodies (-AA) has been reported to appear in heart failure patients. It induces sustained -adrenergic receptor (-AR) activation which leads to heart failure (HF), but the mechanism is as yet unclear. In order to investigate the mechanisms causing -AR non-desensitization, we studied the beating frequency of the neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) under different conditions (an injection of isoprenaline (ISO) for one group and -AA for the other) and established three dynamic models in order to best describe the true relationships shown in medical experiments; one model used a control group of healthy rats; then in HF rats one focused on conformation changes in -AR; the other examined interaction between -AR and -adrenergic receptors (-AR). Comparing the experimental data and corresponding Akaike information criterion (AIC) values, we concluded that the interaction model was the most likely mechanism. We used mathematical methods to explore the mechanism for the development of heart failure and to find potential targets for prevention and treatment. The aim of the paper was to provide a strong theoretical basis for the clinical development of personalized treatment programs. We also carried out sensitivity analysis of the initial concentration -AA and found that they had a noticeable effect on the fitting results.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_30154911 (IID), 10.1155/2018/1613290 (DOI), PMC6091447 (PMCID), 30154911 (RID), 30154911 (EID)
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091447.
Subject(s): Animals
Disease Models, Animal
Heart Failure/metabolism
Humans
Male
Myocytes, Cardiac
Rats
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1/metabolism
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2/metabolism
Signal Transduction
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_30154911
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Computational and mathematical methods in medicine.
1748-6718
Issue: vol. 2018

Choose the citation style.
Wang, X., Zhao, M., Wang, X., Li, S., Cao, N., & Liu, H. (2018). The Application of Dynamic Models to the Exploration of -AR Overactivation as a Cause of Heart Failure. Computational And Mathematical Methods In Medicine. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_30154911