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Lithic Analysis of an Early Floridian Archaeological Site in the Wacissa River

Title: The Lithic Analysis of an Early Floridian Archaeological Site in the Wacissa River.
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Name(s): Jones, Eric Calvin Vinh, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Bachelor Thesis
Date Issued: 2019-04-26
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The Middle Paleoindian period of the North American Southeast is a problematic area in American archaeology. The lack of well preserved sites, dateable materials, and the frequent discovery of artifacts out-of-context are all part of why this is such a poorly understood period. The Ryan-Harley site is one of the few undisturbed Middle Paleoindian sites in Florida and represents the remnants of a campsite inhabited by the Suwannee, a cultural group belonging to this Paleoindian period, therefore making its study and analysis of the utmost importance. This thesis presents the mass analysis of stone flakes and tools excavated in 2017 from a discrete geologic layer at the Ryan-Harley site. This was completed in order to achieve a better understanding of what types of tool production were taking place at the site, how that can provide information regarding site function and human behaviors, and to support the findings of past excavations conducted at the site. The systematic analysis of the attributes and characteristics of 344 lithic artifacts showed 97% of the assemblage consisted of flake debitage, composed primarily of small biface thinning flakes. Ten tools were also recovered, including multiple flake tools, scrapers, and a late-stage biface combination tool. These findings represent late-stage tool reduction of local raw materials at a small campsite occupation. This is in accordance with the conclusions of previous excavations and provides a comparable study for future lithic analyses of Middle Paleoindian sites in Florida.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1556307744_a3168b8d (IID)
Keywords: Archaeology, Lithic Analysis, Stone Tools, Stone Flakes, Debitage, Suwannee, Paleoindian, Southeast, Wacissa River, Florida
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1556307744_a3168b8d
Host Institution: FSU

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Jones, E. C. V. (2019). The Lithic Analysis of an Early Floridian Archaeological Site in the Wacissa River. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1556307744_a3168b8d