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Active Control of Salient Flow Features in the Wake of a Ground Vehicle

Title: Active Control of Salient Flow Features in the Wake of a Ground Vehicle.
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Name(s): McNally, Jonathan William, author
Alvi, Farrukh S., professor directing dissertation
Jung, Sungmoon, university representative
Kumar, Rajan, (Professor of Mechanical Engineering), committee member
Taira, Kunihiko, committee member
Hahn, Seung Yong, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Engineering, degree granting college
Department of Mechanical Engineering, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2018
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (166 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Aerodynamics of road vehicles have continued to be a topic of interest due the relationship between fuel efficiency and the environmental impact of passenger vehicles. With the streamlining of ground vehicles combined with years of geometric and shape optimization, other techniques are required to continue to improve upon fuel consumption. One such technique leverages aerodynamics to minimize drag through the implementation of flow control techniques. The current study focuses on the application of active flow control in ground vehicle applications, employing linear arrays of discrete microjets on the rear of a 25 Ahmed model. The locations of the arrays are selected to test the effectiveness of microjet control at directly manipulating the various features found in typical flow fields generated by ground vehicles. Parametric sweeps are conducted to investigate the flow response as a function of jet velocity, momentum, and vehicle scaling. The effect and effciency of the control are quantified through aerodynamic force measurements, while local modifications are investigated via particle image velocimetry and static pressure measurements on the rear surfaces of the model. Microjets proved most effective when utilized for separation control producing a maximum change to the coefficients of drag and lift of -14.0% and -42% of the baseline values, respectively. Control techniques targeting other flow structures such as the C-pillar vortices and trailing wake proved less effective, producing a maximum reduction in drag and lift of -1.2% and -7%. The change in the surface pressure distribution reveals the impact of each flow control strategy on a targeted flow structure, and highlights the complex interaction between the salient flow features found in the wake of the Ahmed model. Areas of pressure recovery on the surface of the model observed for each control technique support the observed changes to the aerodynamic forces. The time averaged, volumetric wake is also reconstructed to characterize the baseline flow field and highlight the effect of control on the three dimensional structure of the near wake region. The results show that separation control has a measurable effect on the flow field including modifications of the locations, size, magnitude, and trajectory of the various structures which comprise the near wake. The observations give insight into desirable modifications and flow topology which lead to an optimal drag configuration for a particular vehicle geometry.
Identifier: 2018_Su_McNally_fsu_0071E_14507 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Mechanical Engineering in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester 2018.
Date of Defense: July 13, 2018.
Keywords: active flow control, aerodynamics, ahmed model, drag reduction
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Farrukh Alvi, Professor Directing Dissertation; Sungmoon Jung, University Representative; Rajan Kumar, Committee Member; Kunihiko Taira, Committee Member; Seungyong Hahn, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Engineering
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_McNally_fsu_0071E_14507
Host Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
McNally, J. W. (2018). Active Control of Salient Flow Features in the Wake of a Ground Vehicle. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_McNally_fsu_0071E_14507