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Cascading Effect

Title: The Cascading Effect: Mitigating the Effects of Choking under Pressure in Dancers.
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Name(s): Fryer, Ashley Marie, author
Tenenbaum, Gershon, professor directing dissertation
Blessing, Susan K., 1961-, university representative
Chow, Graig Michael, committee member
Welsh, Thomas M., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Education, degree granting college
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2018
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (146 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this study was to explore the cascading mechanism of choking under pressure in dance, validate an integrated-perceptual model of choking, and examine the effectiveness of a 7-week combined self-talk and progressive muscle relaxation (ST-PMR) training program in alleviating the effects of self-consciousness in choking under pressure in dance. The proposed model aimed to determine the performance decline-choking incidence by evaluating the appraisal processes that contribute to the domino effect of choking under pressure prior to, during, and after a performance error occurs. The model additionally included self-presentational concerns on anxiety and performance decline. The study examined 23 dancers using a mixed method approach which consisted of a randomized pretest-posttest control group experiment and semi-structured interviews. Overall, the ST-PMR training program was effective in increasing self-confidence, self-efficacy, and overall performance rating in comparison to dancers in the control condition. In addition, the ST-PMR training decreased somatic and cognitive anxieties significantly for dancers in that condition in comparison to dancers in the control condition. However, the results failed to show a decrease in self-consciousness as expected. The integrated-perceptual model was also partially substantiated; pre-intervention data suggested that the dancers’ initial appraisals of their performance led to increased cognitive anxiety and emotional arousal which preceded initial error occurrence. The dancers’ ability to utilize coping skills contributed to the likelihood that they experienced subsequent errors, which is consistent with the integrated conceptual model of choking under pressure. However, the post-intervention data failed to support the study’s hypotheses as all dancers in the ST-PMR and control conditions did not experience the cascade effect. Additional implications for this study and future research are discussed in detail.
Identifier: 2018_Su_Fryer_fsu_0071E_14627 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester 2018.
Date of Defense: May 3, 2018.
Keywords: choking under pressure, dance, progressive muscle relaxation, self-talk
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Gershon Tenenbaum, Professor Directing Dissertation; Susan K. Blessing, University Representative; Graig M. Chow, Committee Member; Thomas Welsh, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Psychology
Dance
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_Fryer_fsu_0071E_14627
Host Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Fryer, A. M. (2018). The Cascading Effect: Mitigating the Effects of Choking under Pressure in Dancers. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_Fryer_fsu_0071E_14627