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Relationship among First-Generation College Student Status and Resilience, Social Support, Perceived Barriers, and Negative Career Thoughts

Title: The Relationship among First-Generation College Student Status and Resilience, Social Support, Perceived Barriers, and Negative Career Thoughts.
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Name(s): Freeman, Vanessa Frierson, author
Lenz, Janet G., 1953-, 1953-, professor directing dissertation
Guthrie, Kathy L., university representative
Osborn, Debra S., 1968-, committee member
Sampson, James P., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Education, degree granting college
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2017
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (146 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The aim of the present study was to gain a further understanding of first-generation college students (FGCS) in comparison to their non-FGCS peers. The study examined both groups in relation to the following variables: resilience levels, perceived social support, perception of barriers, and negative career thoughts. Specifically, the goal was to understand how resilience levels and perceived social support were related to perception of barriers and negative career thoughts. General group differences on resilience levels, perceived social support, perception of barriers, and negative career thoughts were explored using a one-way ANOVA. Then, multiple regressions were used to examined whether resilience level and perceived social support could predict perception of barriers and negative career thoughts. The 10-Item Connors-Davidson Resilience Scale (CDRISC; Campbell-Sills & Stein, 2007) was used to examine resilience levels. The Social Support Appraisal Scale (SSA; Vaux et al., 1986) was used to examine perceived social support. The Perception of Barriers Scale (POB; Luzzo & McWhirter, 2001) was used to examine perception of barriers. The Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI; Sampson, Peterson, Lenz, Reardon, & Saunders, 1996) was used to examine negative career thoughts. Participants (n = 272) for the study were recruited from a large, southeastern, public university, specifically from the university’s College of Education and the Center for Academic Retention and Enrichment (CARE). CARE’s mission is to recruit and support FGCS. There were 101 FGCS and 171 non-FGCS included in the sample. The results indicated that there were no statistically significant differences between groups on resilience levels, perceived social support, and negative career thoughts. There were statistically significant differences between groups on perception of barriers with non-FGCS perceiving more barriers than FGCS. The multiple regression revealed that resilience level and perceived social support predicted 9.1% of the variance in perception of barriers and 15.3% of the variance in negative career thoughts. A discussion regarding the findings of the study, limitations, and implications for theory, practice and future research are offered.
Identifier: 2018_Su_Freeman_fsu_0071E_13898 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester 2017.
Date of Defense: May 3, 2017.
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Janet G. Lenz, Professor Directing Dissertation; Kathy Guthrie, University Representative; Debra Osborn, Committee Member; James Sampson, Jr., Committee Member.
Subject(s): Counseling psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_Freeman_fsu_0071E_13898
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Freeman, V. F. (2017). The Relationship among First-Generation College Student Status and Resilience, Social Support, Perceived Barriers, and Negative Career Thoughts. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/2018_Su_Freeman_fsu_0071E_13898