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Educational Toolkit for Diet Based Weight Loss Programs

Title: An Educational Toolkit for Diet Based Weight Loss Programs.
Name(s): Poley, Kevan Michael, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Research Report
Date Issued: 2019-03-12
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Purpose: This review examined five chosen diet-based weight loss programs for common barriers to weight loss, efficacy, and risks and benefits specific to each diet. An educational toolkit was then produced to help providers counsel their patients on these programs. Methods: A search of empirical literature in electronic databases (e.g., CINAHL, Pubmed, JANE, Dynamed Plus, Cochrane’s Library, and ScienceDirect) was conducted during November and December of 2018. Of the 36 included articles, 14 were randomized controlled trials and ten were systematic reviews or meta analyses. The remaining 12 were either nonrandomized, observational, cross sectional, or qualitative. Four websites provided background information on these programs. Results: Barriers to weight loss included lack of accountability and self-motivation, as well as interference with life and personal tastes. Every diet produced significant weight loss compared to baseline and a control group. Statistically significant differences in weight loss were not seen when comparing two or more diets. However, the Ketosis diet had weight loss efficacy outcomes that were substantially larger comparatively. Every diet was found to have at least one associated benefit or risk. The ketosis diet had several adverse effects and medical contraindications. Discussion: This literature review suggests the chosen diets are effective at producing weight loss in patients who adhere to the diet. There were no statistically significantly differences in weight loss outcomes or improvements in cardiovascular risk factors among the chosen diets. The ketosis diet, while effective at generating weight loss, is shown to be contraindicated with several chronic healthcare problems. Conclusions: This literature review suggests that healthcare providers should fully appraise an individual’s history before recommending a diet-based weight loss program in order to increase adherence and maximize benefits for individuals with specific chronic conditions.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1552447054_df4c9557 (IID)
Keywords: Weight loss, Mediterranean Diet, Weight Watchers, Atkins Diet, Intermittent Fasting, Ketosis Diet, Diet based weight loss, Obesity, Barriers to weight loss
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

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Poley, K. M. (2019). An Educational Toolkit for Diet Based Weight Loss Programs. Retrieved from