You are here

Adhd, Depression, And Motor Vehicle Crashes

Title: Adhd, Depression, And Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Prospective Cohort Study Of Continuously-monitored, Real-world Driving.
Name(s): Aduen, Paula A., author
Kofler, Michael J., author
Sarver, Dustin E., author
Wells, Erica L., author
Soto, Elia F., author
Cox, Daniel J., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2018-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: ADHD is associated with automobile crashes, traffic fatalities, and serious road trauma, but it is unclear whether this risk is (a) driven by ADHD symptoms specifically, and (b) unique to ADHD or transdiagnostic across psychiatric disabilities, such as depression, that also have concentration problems as core symptoms. The current study provides the first prospective, continuously-monitored evaluation of crash risk related to ADHD symptoms, including the first on-road comparison of ADHD with another high-prevalence psychiatric disability (depression). A probability-based sample of 3226 drivers from six U.S. sites, including subsamples with self-reported ADHD (n = 274) and depression (n = 251), consented to have their vehicles outfitted with sophisticated data acquisition technologies to continuously monitor real-world, day-to-day driving from 'engine-on to engine-of for 1-2 years (Mean = 440 consecutive days/driver, Mean = 9528 miles/driver). Crashes and near-crashes were objectively identified via software-based algorithms and double-coded manual validation (blinded to clinical status). Miles driven, days monitored, age, gender, education, and marital status were controlled. ADHD symptoms portended 5% increased crash risk per increase in symptom severity score (IRR = 1.05). This risk corresponded to approximately 1 biennial crash and 1 annual near-crash per driver with ADHD; crash risk doubled for drivers reporting ADHD symptom severity near the sample's maximum. Analyses based on self-reported clinical status indicated similarly elevated rates for ADHD (IRR = 1.46) and depression (IRR = 1.34) that may be related, in part, to both groups' inattention/concentration symptoms. Risk was not attenuated by ADHD usual treatment, but varied according to antidepressant medication status. Previous studies have significantly underestimated the risk for traffic crashes conveyed by ADHD and depression.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000430521400007 (IID), 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.02.026 (DOI)
Keywords: adhd, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, performance, impact, Depression, population, deficit hyperactivity disorder, methylphenidate, prevalence, epidemiology, accidents, Accidents, Motor vehicle driving, Prospective, shrp-2, young-adult drivers
Publication Note: The publisher’s version of record is available at
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of Psychiatric Research.
Issue: vol. 101

Choose the citation style.
Aduen, P. A., Kofler, M. J., Sarver, D. E., Wells, E. L., Soto, E. F., & Cox, D. J. (2018). Adhd, Depression, And Motor Vehicle Crashes: A Prospective Cohort Study Of Continuously-monitored, Real-world Driving. Journal Of Psychiatric Research. Retrieved from