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Treatment non-response

Title: Treatment non-response: Associations with smoking expectancies among treatment-seeking smokers.
Name(s): Garey, Lorra, author
Taha, Samar A, author
Kauffman, Brooke Y, author
Manning, Kara F, author
Neighbors, Clayton, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Zvolensky, Michael J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-10-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Despite the high rate of smoking cessation treatment non-response, relatively little empirical work has examined predictors of treatment non-response. The present study sought to explore the effect of smoking outcome expectancies on treatment response in a sample of treatment-seeking adult daily smokers (N=182; 53.3% female; M=40.67; SD=13.63). Results indicated that expectancies for smoking to reduce negative affect were related to an increased likelihood of treatment non-response (OR=0.73, CI: 0.54, 0.98). These findings remained significant after controlling for sex, presence of Axis I disorder, tobacco-related health problems, tobacco dependence, anxiety sensitivity, and condition assignment as well as other smoking expectancy dimensions. Post hoc analyses revealed that this relation was stronger for smokers in the integrated care condition vs. the standard care condition (Interaction: OR=1.69, CI: 1.05, 2.73). Additionally, expectancies for smoking to enhance positive affect and provide sensory satisfaction were associated with an increased likelihood of treatment response in the standard care condition. The current findings suggest expectancies that smoking will alleviate negative affect may be a risk factor of smoking cessation treatment non-response. Additionally, findings provide evidence that the relation between smoking expectancies and treatment non-response may differ by smoking cessation treatment.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28528227 (IID), 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.05.013 (DOI), PMC5531288 (PMCID), 28528227 (RID), 28528227 (EID), S0306-4603(17)30183-1 (PII)
Keywords: Smoking cessation, Smoking expectancy, Smoking treatment, Treatment non-response, Treatment outcomes
Grant Number: F31 DA043390, R01 MH076629
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Adolescent
Anticipation, Psychological
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology
Smoking Cessation/methods
Smoking Cessation/psychology
Tobacco Smoking/prevention & control
Tobacco Use Cessation Devices
Treatment Failure
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Addictive behaviors.
Issue: vol. 73

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Garey, L., Taha, S. A., Kauffman, B. Y., Manning, K. F., Neighbors, C., Schmidt, N. B., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2017). Treatment non-response: Associations with smoking expectancies among treatment-seeking smokers. Addictive Behaviors. Retrieved from