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Observed and Parent-Report Measures of Social Communication in Toddlers With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder Across Race/Ethnicity.

Title: Observed and Parent-Report Measures of Social Communication in Toddlers With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder Across Race/Ethnicity.
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Name(s): Stronach, Sheri T, author
Wetherby, Amy M, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-05-17
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study investigated whether measures of early social communication vary among young children of diverse racial/ethnic status with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were 364 toddlers between ages 18 and 36 months with a diagnosis of ASD confirmed (n = 195) or ruled out (n = 169), from 3 racial/ethnic categories: non-Hispanic White (n = 226), non-Hispanic Black (n = 74), and Hispanic (n = 64). Group differences in social communication were examined using an observational measure-the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Behavior Sample (CSBS-BS; Wetherby & Prizant, 2002)-and a parent-report measure, the Early Screening for Autism and Communication Disorders (Wetherby, Woods, & Lord, 2007). Controlling for maternal education, children with ASD scored significantly lower on the CSBS-BS than children without, indicating poorer social communication skills, and higher on the Early Screening for Autism and Communication Disorders, indicating more ASD features. Racial/ethnic groups did not differ on 6 CSBS-BS clusters, but Non-Hispanic White toddlers scored significantly higher than both other groups on the Understanding cluster. There were no significant Diagnosis × Race/Ethnicity interactions. These findings indicate good agreement between observed and parent-report measures in this sample. Results suggest that the CSBS-BS and Early Screening for Autism and Communication Disorders could be viable tools in the detection process for toddlers with ASD in these racial/ethnic groups.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28395297 (IID), 10.1044/2016_AJSLP-15-0089 (DOI), PMC5544362 (PMCID), 28395297 (RID), 28395297 (EID), 2618572 (PII)
Grant Number: R01 HD065272, R21 DC010926, R01 HD078410, U01 DD000304, R01 DC007462
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5544362.
Subject(s): African Continental Ancestry Group/psychology
Autism Spectrum Disorder/diagnosis
Autism Spectrum Disorder/ethnology
Autism Spectrum Disorder/psychology
Child, Preschool
European Continental Ancestry Group/psychology
Female
Hispanic Americans/psychology
Humans
Infant
Language Tests/statistics & numerical data
Male
Mass Screening
Parents/psychology
Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data
Reference Values
Social Class
Social Communication Disorder/diagnosis
Social Communication Disorder/ethnology
Social Communication Disorder/psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28395297
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: American journal of speech-language pathology.
1558-9110
Issue: iss. 2, vol. 26

Choose the citation style.
Stronach, S. T., & Wetherby, A. M. (2017). Observed and Parent-Report Measures of Social Communication in Toddlers With and Without Autism Spectrum Disorder Across Race/Ethnicity. American Journal Of Speech-Language Pathology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28395297