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Investigating insomnia as a cross-sectional and longitudinal predictor of loneliness

Title: Investigating insomnia as a cross-sectional and longitudinal predictor of loneliness: Findings from six samples.
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Name(s): Hom, Melanie A, author
Hames, Jennifer L, author
Bodell, Lindsay P, author
Buchman-Schmitt, Jennifer M, author
Chu, Carol, author
Rogers, Megan L, author
Chiurliza, Bruno, author
Michaels, Matthew S, author
Ribeiro, Jessica D, author
Nadorff, Michael R, author
Winer, E Samuel, author
Lim, Ingrid C, author
Rudd, M David, author
Joiner, Thomas E, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Loneliness has been repeatedly associated with sleep problems; however, there is a dearth of research examining the prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness, as well as this association controlling for other psychiatric symptoms. This study evaluated the cross-sectional and prospective relationship between insomnia and loneliness using six samples: 666 undergraduates; 2785 Army recruiters; 208 adults with a history of suicidality and/or depression; 343 adult psychiatric outpatients; 326 young adults at elevated suicide risk; and 183 undergraduates. A meta-analysis also was conducted to examine the magnitude of the relationship between insomnia and loneliness across the six studies. More severe insomnia symptoms were significantly associated with greater feelings of loneliness while accounting for some (e.g., anxiety, nightmares) but not all (i.e., depression) psychiatric covariates. Findings underscore the strength of the association between insomnia and loneliness and suggest that depression may account for this relationship. Additional studies are needed to further establish the temporal relationship between these variables, delineate the role of depression in the association between insomnia and loneliness, and test whether insomnia may confer unique risk for subsequent loneliness.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28364589 (IID), 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.03.046 (DOI), PMC5479064 (PMCID), 28364589 (RID), 28364589 (EID), S0165-1781(16)31592-X (PII)
Keywords: Insomnia, Loneliness, Sleep disturbances, Sleep problems, Thwarted belongingness
Grant Number: T32 MH018921, T32 MH082761, T32 MH093311
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5479064.
Subject(s): Adult
Anxiety/psychology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression/psychology
Dreams/psychology
Female
Humans
Loneliness/psychology
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Military Personnel/psychology
Outpatients/psychology
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/psychology
Students/psychology
Suicidal Ideation
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28364589
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Psychiatry research.
1872-7123
Issue: vol. 253

Choose the citation style.
Hom, M. A., Hames, J. L., Bodell, L. P., Buchman-Schmitt, J. M., Chu, C., Rogers, M. L., … Joiner, T. E. (2017). Investigating insomnia as a cross-sectional and longitudinal predictor of loneliness: Findings from six samples. Psychiatry Research. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28364589