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State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.

Title: State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.
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Name(s): Brown Speights, Joedrecka S, author
Goldfarb, Samantha Sittig, author
Wells, Brittny A, author
Beitsch, Leslie, author
Levine, Robert S, author
Rust, George, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-05-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: To assess state-level progress on eliminating racial disparities in infant mortality. Using linked infant birth-death files from 1999 to 2013, we calculated state-level 3-year rolling average infant mortality rates (IMRs) and Black-White IMR ratios. We also calculated percentage improvement and a projected year for achieving equality if current trend lines are sustained. We found substantial state-level variation in Black IMRs (range = 6.6-13.8) and Black-White rate ratios (1.5-2.7), and also in percentage relative improvement in IMR (range = 2.7% to 36.5% improvement) and in Black-White rate ratios (from 11.7% relative worsening to 24.0% improvement). Thirteen states achieved statistically significant reductions in Black-White IMR disparities. Eliminating the Black-White IMR gap would have saved 64 876 babies during these 15 years. Eighteen states would achieve IMR racial equality by the year 2050 if current trends are sustained. States are achieving varying levels of progress in reducing Black infant mortality and Black-White IMR disparities. Public Health Implications. Racial equality in infant survival is achievable, but will require shifting our focus to determinants of progress and strategies for success.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28323476 (IID), 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689 (DOI), PMC5388953 (PMCID), 28323476 (RID), 28323476 (EID)
Grant Number: R13 MD011260
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5388953.
Subject(s): African Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data
Cause of Death
European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data
Female
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality/trends
Infant, Newborn
Male
United States/epidemiology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28323476
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: American journal of public health.
1541-0048
Issue: iss. 5, vol. 107

Choose the citation style.
Brown Speights, J. S., Goldfarb, S. S., Wells, B. A., Beitsch, L., Levine, R. S., & Rust, G. (2017). State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013. American Journal Of Public Health. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28323476