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Maternal Socioeconomic Status Influences the Range of Expectations During Language Comprehension in Adulthood.

Title: Maternal Socioeconomic Status Influences the Range of Expectations During Language Comprehension in Adulthood.
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Name(s): Troyer, Melissa, author
Borovsky, Arielle, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-05-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In infancy, maternal socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with real-time language processing skills, but whether or not (and if so, how) this relationship carries into adulthood is unknown. We explored the effects of maternal SES in college-aged adults on eye-tracked, spoken sentence comprehension tasks using the visual world paradigm. When sentences ended in highly plausible, expected target nouns (Exp. 1), higher SES was associated with a greater likelihood of considering alternative endings related to the action of the sentence. Moreover, for unexpected sentence endings (Exp. 2), individuals from higher SES backgrounds were sensitive to whether the ending was action-related (plausible) or unrelated (implausible), showing a benefit for plausible endings. Individuals from lower SES backgrounds did not show this advantage. This suggests maternal SES can influence the dynamics of sentence processing even in adulthood, with consequences for processing unexpected content. These findings highlight the importance of early lexical experience for adult language skills.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28295485 (IID), 10.1111/cogs.12488 (DOI), PMC6226242 (PMCID), 28295485 (RID), 28295485 (EID)
Keywords: Anticipatory language processing, Eye-tracking, Individual differences, Language comprehension, Language development, Sentence processing, Socioeconomic status, Visual world paradigm
Grant Number: F32 DC010106, R03 DC013638
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6226242.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Adult Children/psychology
Aptitude
Comprehension/physiology
Female
Humans
Language
Language Development
Male
Mothers/psychology
Reading
Social Class
Speech Perception/physiology
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28295485
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Cognitive science.
1551-6709
Issue: vol. 41 Suppl 6

Choose the citation style.
Troyer, M., & Borovsky, A. (2017). Maternal Socioeconomic Status Influences the Range of Expectations During Language Comprehension in Adulthood. Cognitive Science. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28295485