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Anxiety sensitivity mediates gender differences in post-concussive symptoms in a clinical sample.

Title: Anxiety sensitivity mediates gender differences in post-concussive symptoms in a clinical sample.
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Name(s): Albanese, Brian J, author
Boffa, Joseph W, author
Macatee, Richard J, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is both prevalent and potentially disabling. Extant literature has demonstrated women to report greater post-concussive symptoms (PCS) compared to men, highlighting the necessity of investigations into malleable, gender-linked risk factors for PCS that hold promise for reducing this gender disparity. Anxiety Sensitivity (AS) and Distress Tolerance (DT) are gender-linked risk factors that may be related to PCS. Despite a breadth of research supporting elevated AS and reduced DT in women, no study to date has investigated whether AS and DT mediate gender differences in PCS. The current sample was composed of 59 participants selected from a larger study based on their report of a past TBI. Findings indicated that AS, but not DT, significantly mediated gender differences in PCS. The present results suggest that AS is a cognitive risk factor that can partially account for the gender disparity in the expression of PCS. AS may influence an individual's interpretation of PCS as dangerous, thereby amplifying the perception of PCS severity. This suggests that efforts to reduce the burden of TBI may benefit from targeting AS in prevention and treatment paradigms, especially among women.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28285252 (IID), 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.099 (DOI), PMC5438889 (PMCID), 28285252 (RID), 28285252 (EID), S0165-1781(16)30114-7 (PII)
Keywords: Cognitive risk factors, Gender, Post-concussive symptoms, Traumatic brain injury
Grant Number: T32 MH093311
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5438889.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anxiety/psychology
Brain Injuries, Traumatic/complications
Brain Injuries, Traumatic/psychology
Female
Health Status Disparities
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Post-Concussion Syndrome/etiology
Post-Concussion Syndrome/psychology
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Stress, Psychological/psychology
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28285252
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Psychiatry research.
1872-7123
Issue: vol. 252

Choose the citation style.
Albanese, B. J., Boffa, J. W., Macatee, R. J., & Schmidt, N. B. (2017). Anxiety sensitivity mediates gender differences in post-concussive symptoms in a clinical sample. Psychiatry Research. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28285252