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Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents

Title: Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning.
Name(s): Meca, Alan, author
Sabet, Raha F, author
Farrelly, Colleen M, author
Benitez, Cynthia G, author
Schwartz, Seth J, author
Gonzales-Backen, Melinda, author
Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I, author
Unger, Jennifer B, author
Zamboanga, Byron L, author
Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes, author
Picariello, Simona, author
Des Rosiers, Sabrina E, author
Soto, Daniel W, author
Pattarroyo, Monica, author
Villamar, Juan A, author
Lizzi, Karina M, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study. Results indicated a bidirectional relationship between personal identity coherence and both ethnic and U.S. identity. Ethnic and U.S. affirmation/commitment (A/C) positively and indirectly predicted optimism and negatively predicted rule breaking and aggression through coherence. However, confusion predicted lower self-esteem and optimism and higher depressive symptoms, rule breaking, unprotected sex, and cigarette use. Results further indicated significant site differences. In Los Angeles (but not Miami), ethnic A/C also negatively predicted confusion. Given the direct effects of coherence and confusion on nearly every outcome, it may be beneficial for interventions to target personal identity. However, in contexts such as Los Angeles, which has at least some ambivalence toward recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents, it may be more beneficial for interventions to also target cultural identity to reduce confusion and thus promote positive development. (PsycINFO Database Record
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28206778 (IID), 10.1037/cdp0000129 (DOI), PMC5491363 (PMCID), 28206778 (RID), 28206778 (EID), 2017-07131-001 (PII)
Grant Number: R01 DA025694
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Acculturation
Central America/ethnology
Emigrants and Immigrants/psychology
Emigrants and Immigrants/statistics & numerical data
Hispanic Americans/psychology
Hispanic Americans/statistics & numerical data
Identification (Psychology)
Longitudinal Studies
Los Angeles
Social Identification
West Indies/ethnology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology.
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 23

Choose the citation style.
Meca, A., Sabet, R. F., Farrelly, C. M., Benitez, C. G., Schwartz, S. J., Gonzales-Backen, M., … Lizzi, K. M. (2017). Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology. Retrieved from