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Emotion dysregulation explains associations between anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking and drinking motives among adult treatment-seeking smokers.

Title: Emotion dysregulation explains associations between anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking and drinking motives among adult treatment-seeking smokers.
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Name(s): Paulus, Daniel J, author
Valadka, Jaclyn, author
Businelle, Michael S, author
Gallagher, Matthew W, author
Viana, Andres G, author
Schmidt, Norman B, author
Zvolensky, Michael J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-03-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Smoking and drinking frequently co-occur. For example, alcohol use is associated with smoking lapses during quit attempts. However, little is known regarding psychological factors explaining drinking among smokers. Anxiety sensitivity is a risk factor associated with hazardous drinking and drinking to cope and/or conform, although little is known about mechanisms underlying such associations. One potential explanatory factor is emotion dysregulation. The current study examined emotion dysregulation as an explanatory factor underlying Anxiety Sensitivity and 5 alcohol-related outcomes: hazardous drinking, alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, coping-oriented drinking, and drinking to conform. Participants for this study were 467 treatment-seeking adult, daily smokers (48.2% women; Mage = 36.7 years, SD = 13.6) who reported smoking an average of 16.5 cigarettes per day. Results indicate significant indirect effects of Anxiety Sensitivity on hazardous drinking via emotion dysregulation, alcohol consumption, alcohol problems, drinking to cope, and drinking to conform. Effects were medium in size. Alternative models testing indirect effects of emotion dysregulation through Anxiety Sensitivity on outcomes, and Anxiety Sensitivity through outcomes on emotion dysregulation were nonsignificant and all had small effect sizes. Follow-up tests examined the path of effects from Anxiety Sensitivity through specific emotion-dysregulation subfactors. Thus, among treatment-seeking smokers, emotion dysregulation may explain the associations of Anxiety Sensitivity with alcohol-related outcomes. This pattern of findings highlights the potential importance of interventions targeting emotion dysregulation among hazardous-drinking smokers. (PsycINFO Database Record
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28080096 (IID), 10.1037/adb0000252 (DOI), PMC5344750 (PMCID), 28080096 (RID), 28080096 (EID), 2017-01385-001 (PII)
Grant Number: R01 MH076629
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5344750.
Subject(s): Adult
Alcohol Drinking/physiopathology
Alcohol-Related Disorders/physiopathology
Anxiety/physiopathology
Emotions/physiology
Female
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders/physiopathology
Middle Aged
Personality/physiology
Self-Control
Smoking/physiopathology
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28080096
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors.
1939-1501
Issue: iss. 2, vol. 31

Choose the citation style.
Paulus, D. J., Valadka, J., Businelle, M. S., Gallagher, M. W., Viana, A. G., Schmidt, N. B., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2017). Emotion dysregulation explains associations between anxiety sensitivity and hazardous drinking and drinking motives among adult treatment-seeking smokers. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors : Journal Of The Society Of Psychologists In Addictive Behaviors. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28080096