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Internalizing Symptoms, Peer Substance Use, and Substance Use Initiation.

Title: Internalizing Symptoms, Peer Substance Use, and Substance Use Initiation.
Name(s): Siennick, Sonja E, author
Widdowson, Alex O, author
Woessner, Mathew, author
Feinberg, Mark E, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2016-12-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This study used longitudinal survey and social network data covering sixth through ninth grades to test whether internalizing symptoms make early adolescents more prone to (1) exposure to and (2) influence by substance-using peers. Random effects regressions revealed that increases in symptoms were significantly associated with increases in the proportion of friends who used cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana; some associations weakened across grades. Event history models revealed that the effect of friends' smoking on smoking initiation decreased as internalizing symptoms increased; symptoms did not moderate the effects of friends' alcohol and marijuana use on alcohol and marijuana use initiation. These findings counter the influence hypothesis of the co-occurrence of internalizing symptoms with substance use and partly support the exposure hypothesis.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28070153 (IID), 10.1111/jora.12215 (DOI), PMC5215896 (PMCID), 28070153 (RID), 28070153 (EID)
Grant Number: R01 AA014702, R01 DA013709, R01 DA018225, R24 HD041025
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Adolescent
Marijuana Abuse
Marijuana Smoking
Peer Group
Substance-Related Disorders
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of research on adolescence : the official journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence.
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 26

Choose the citation style.
Siennick, S. E., Widdowson, A. O., Woessner, M., & Feinberg, M. E. (2016). Internalizing Symptoms, Peer Substance Use, and Substance Use Initiation. Journal Of Research On Adolescence : The Official Journal Of The Society For Research On Adolescence. Retrieved from