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Extreme warming challenges sentinel status of kelp forests as indicators of climate change.

Title: Extreme warming challenges sentinel status of kelp forests as indicators of climate change.
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Name(s): Reed, Daniel, author
Washburn, Libe, author
Rassweiler, Andrew, author
Miller, Robert, author
Bell, Tom, author
Harrer, Shannon, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2016-12-13
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The desire to use sentinel species as early warning indicators of impending climate change effects on entire ecosystems is attractive, but we need to verify that such approaches have sound biological foundations. A recent large-scale warming event in the North Pacific Ocean of unprecedented magnitude and duration allowed us to evaluate the sentinel status of giant kelp, a coastal foundation species that thrives in cold, nutrient-rich waters and is considered sensitive to warming. Here, we show that giant kelp and the majority of species that associate with it did not presage ecosystem effects of extreme warming off southern California despite giant kelp's expected vulnerability. Our results challenge the general perception that kelp-dominated systems are highly vulnerable to extreme warming events and expose the more general risk of relying on supposed sentinel species that are assumed to be very sensitive to climate change.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_27958273 (IID), 10.1038/ncomms13757 (DOI), PMC5159872 (PMCID), 27958273 (RID), 27958273 (EID), ncomms13757 (PII)
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5159872.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27958273
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Nature communications.
2041-1723
Issue: vol. 7

Choose the citation style.
Reed, D., Washburn, L., Rassweiler, A., Miller, R., Bell, T., & Harrer, S. (2016). Extreme warming challenges sentinel status of kelp forests as indicators of climate change. Nature Communications. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_27958273